Africa’s external relations

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Africa’s external relations

Africa’s external relations

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As Africa confronts the challenges of the evolving international trade landscape and an increasingly globalised world economy, the nature of its trading relationships has been undergoing significant shifts in recent years.

While trade with its traditional trading partners, particularly the European Union and the United States, has been declining, trade ties with emerging economies and global players, notably the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), has been steadily increasing. The United Kingdom's withdrawal from the European Union (Brexit), and multilateral developments in the World Trade Organisation (WTO), also have important implications for African countries.

Below are details of Africa’s external trade relations.