Tag: World Trade Organisation

Are Trade Remedies important for achieving the AfCFTA Goals?

Are Trade Remedies important for achieving the AfCFTA Goals?

Gerhard Erasmus - 23 Feb 2018 Discussions

Gerhard Erasmus, tralac Associate, comments on trade remedies in the African Continental Free Trade Area

Trade remedies (TR) are trade policy tools used by governments to take remedial action against imports which cause injury to domestic industries. TR consist of anti-dumping (AD), countervailing and safeguard measures.

TR do not feature in intra-African trade. Most African Governments do not have the required domestic arrangements to undertake TR investigations. They claim that these investigations are cumbersome, not a priority, or that they lack the technical capacity and resources. The consequence is that domestic industries are not protected in a rules-based manner. However, REC Member States (MS) often take unilateral action in violation of their obligations. Recent practices, for example, in Zimbabwe (imposing surcharges on imported goods in violation of COMESA and SADC trade rules) serve as an example of how regional trade arrangements are then undermined. This becomes worse when combined with the absence of effective inter-State dispute settlement mechanisms. Could this change under the AfCFTA?

The AfCFTA State Parties have

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Africa should not ignore what happened in Buenos Aires

Africa should not ignore what happened in Buenos Aires

Gerhard Erasmus - 23 Feb 2018 Discussions

Gerhard Erasmus, tralac Associate, discusses why the outcomes of the 11th WTO Ministerial Conference, or lack thereof, matter for Africa

The 11th Ministerial Conference of the WTO in Buenos Aires was a disappointment. The meeting concluded without any new deals and no signs that the Doha Development Agenda (DDA) will be adopted as a multilateral package.

The Results of Buenos Aires

The WTO Members issued four ministerial decisions and adopted several ministerial statements. The former deal with Small Economies, Fisheries Subsidies, Electronic Commerce, and TRIPS Non-Violation and Situation Complaints.These matters have been on the WTO agenda for quite some time, some going back to the 1990s.

The more innovative outcomes of Buenos Aires came in the form of ministerial statements (by subgroups of WTO Members) to tackle new problems. These cover work programmes for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), Investment Facilitation, Fossil Fuel Subsidies Reform, a Joint Ministerial Statement on Services Domestic Regulation, as well as a Joint Statement on Electronic Commerce. For the latter a

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tralac’s Daily News Selection

21 Feb 2018 News
Egypt’s fourth Trade Policy Review is underway at the WTO: access the documentation prepared by the WTO Secretariat and the Government of Egypt. Extract from the executive summary report by the WTO Secretariat : Egypt is a...

Trade Policy Review: Egypt

21 Feb 2018 News
The fourth review of the trade policies and practices of Egypt takes place on 20 and 22 February 2018. The basis for the review is a report by the WTO Secretariat and a report by the Government of Egypt. Report by the...