Building capacity to help Africa trade better

10th WTO Ministerial Conference – Nairobi: Resource box


10th WTO Ministerial Conference – Nairobi: Resource box

10th WTO Ministerial Conference – Nairobi: Resource box

WTO members concluded their Tenth Ministerial Conference in Nairobi on 19 December by securing an historic agreement on a series of trade initiatives. The “Nairobi Package” pays fitting tribute to the Conference host, Kenya, by delivering commitments that will benefit in particular the organization’s poorest members.

The WTO’s Tenth Ministerial Conference was held in Nairobi, Kenya, from 15 to 19 December 2015, the first such meeting hosted by an African nation. The Conference was chaired by Kenya’s Cabinet Secretary for Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Amina Mohamed.

The Conference was opened on 15 December by Kenya’s President, Uhuru Kenyatta. During the opening session, the Conference was also addressed by Ms Mohamed, DG Azevêdo and the Chair of the WTO’s General Council, Fernando de Mateo. They were joined at the Opening Ceremony by President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia, whose country concluded its WTO membership negotiations on 16 December.

The closing session was held on 19 December.

This marks the first time our Ministerial Conference is being held in Africa and it is clear to me that all WTO members want to ensure that trade plays its full role as a force for growth and development in Africa and beyond. Africa has 43 WTO members – more than any other continent. So what is good for Africa is good for the WTO.

Roberto Azevêdo, WTO Director-General

Nairobi Package

The Nairobi Package contains a series of six Ministerial Decisions on agriculture, cotton and issues related to least-developed countries. These include a commitment to abolish export subsidies for farm exports, which Director-General Roberto Azevêdo hailed as the “most significant outcome on agriculture” in the organization’s 20-year history.

The other agricultural decisions cover public stockholding for food security purposes, a special safeguard mechanism for developing countries, and measures related to cotton. Decisions were also made regarding preferential treatment for least developed countries (LDCs) in the area of services and the criteria for determining whether exports from LDCs may benefit from trade preferences.

Ministers also welcomed the adoption of three Decisions concerning the Regular work under the General Council:


Download the complete Nairobi Package as a single document:


WTO MC10 logo

“Two years ago in Bali we did something that the WTO had never done before – we delivered major, multilaterally-negotiated outcomes. This week, here in Nairobi, we saw those same qualities at work. And today, once again, we delivered.”

DG Azevêdo

Background papers

Perspectives on African Trade Performance and Policy and the Role of the Multilateral Trading System - Policy Brief (Patrick Low, Chiedu Osakwe and Maika Oshikawa)

The Agriculture Negotiations at the World Trade Organization (WTO) - tralac Trade Brief (Miriam W. O. Omolo)


WTO Members clinch agriculture export competition deal, weigh next steps for negotiating future - ICTSD Bridges Daily Update #5

WTO members secure “historic” Nairobi Package for Africa and the world - 19 December 2015

WTO delivers ground-breaking deal for development - 19 December 2015

As clock runs down, WTO Nairobi talks kick into gear - ICTSD Bridges Daily Update #4

Azevêdo welcomes efforts to help implement Trade Facilitation Agreement - 17 December 2015

Technology trade deal reached at Nairobi WTO Ministerial - ICTSD Bridges Daily Update #3

WTO members conclude landmark $1.3 trillion IT trade deal - 16 December 2015

President Kenyatta hails approval by ministers of Liberia’s WTO membership - 16 December 2015

WTO members urged to crown successful year of multilateral diplomacy with Nairobi deal - 15 December 2015

WTO negotiating function under scrutiny as Ministerial begins - ICTSD Bridges Daily Update #2

Divides run deep as Ministers arrive at Nairobi WTO meet - ICTSD Bridges Daily Update #1

Ministerial statements

Fisheries Subsidies: Ministerial Statement, Revision | 19 December 2015

ACP Ministerial Communiqué on the Tenth Session of the WTO Ministerial Conference | 18 December 2015

G90 Ministerial Communiqué on the Tenth Session of the WTO Ministerial Conference | 18 December 2015

Arab Ministerial Meeting: Communiqué | 15 December 2015

Pacific Group Ministerial Statement delivered at WTO 10th Ministerial Conference in Nairobi | 17 December 2015

Ministerial Meeting of the Group of Landlocked Developing Countries: Ministerial Communiqué | 16 December 2015

Joint Ministerial Statement on DDA from African Group, China, Ecuador, India and Venezuela | 15 December 2015

Declaration of Ministers of the Group of Small, Vulnerable Economies (SVEs) to the Tenth Session of the World Trade Organization Ministerial Conference | 15 December 2015

Statement of the 39th Cairns Group Ministerial Meeting | 14 December 2015

LDC Trade Ministers’ Meeting: Ministerial Declaration | 14 December 2015

G-33 Ministerial Communiqué | 14 December 2015

Ministerial Conference documents and submissions

Draft Ministerial Decision on Special and Differential Treatment Proposals – Preamble and Future Work: Submission of the G90 | 19 December 2015

Draft Decision on Selected Transparency Related Issues Pertaining to the Agreements on Implementation of Article VI of the GATT 1994 and on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures: Communication from the Russian Federation | 18 December 2015

Draft Decision on Regional Trade Agreements: Communication from Brazil | 18 December 2015

Draft Decision on LDC Trade in Services: Report by H.E. Minister François Kanimba, Facilitator on LDC issues | 17 December 2015

Draft Decision on the Developmental and Food Security Aspects on Fisheries Subsidies Disciplines: Communication from the ACP and Peru | 17 December 2015

Preferential rules of origin for Least Developed Countries: Draft Ministerial Decision | Report by Ambassador Steffen Smidt, Friend of the TNC Chairman, on Preferential Rules of Origin for LDCs, 16 December 2015

Services transparency in domestic regulation: Submission by Australia and Canada | 11 December 2015

SSM and Permanent Solution on Public Stockholding for Food Security Purposes for Balanced Nairobi Outcomes: Submission by the G-33 | 11 December 2015

Discussion Draft Decision for MC10 – Services Transparency in Measures Relating to Temporary Entry of Natural Persons: Submission by India | 10 December 2015

Statement on Export Competition: Submission by the Philippines | 9 December 2015

Special Safeguard Provisions for Developing Country Members: Submission by the G-33 | 9 December 2015

Kenya’s President, Uhuru Kenyatta, letter to WTO Director-General Roberto Azevêdo | 9 December 2015

Draft Decision for the Tenth Ministerial Conference – G90 Proposal: Special and Differential Treatment Issues and Concerns | 7 December 2015

Joint Communication from 29 developing and developed Members | 7 December 2015

Tenth Ministerial Conference Consultations: Consolidated Draft by the Facilitators – Nairobi Ministerial Declaration | 27 November 2015

The three facilitators appointed by Director-General Roberto Azevêdo to support members to develop a Ministerial Declaration for the WTO’s 10th Ministerial Conference presented their draft Declaration text at a meeting of all members on Friday, 27 November.

The facilitators (Ambassador Gabriel Duque of Colombia, Ambassador Harald Neple of Norway and Ambassador Stephen Karau of Kenya) prepared this text at the request of members, after an intensive period of consultations on the shape, structure and content of a potential Ministerial Declaration. The facilitators used textual proposals made by members to develop their draft. At the request of members, they also excluded the most contentious issues from their draft, leaving them to be addressed via a separate process.

Proposed Permanent Solution on Public Stockholding for Food Security Purposes: Submission by the G-33 | 24 November 2015

Implementation of Preferential Treatment for LDC Services Suppliers and LDC Participation in Services Trade Draft Ministerial Decision: Proposal by Bangladesh on behalf of the LDC Group | 24 November 2015

Draft Decision to Preserve Flexibilities in Favour of Developing Countries, in particular LDCs, SVEs and NFIDCs in Agriculture, NAMA and Services Negotiations as a starting point | 24 November 2015

Draft Development Decision on Establishment of a Work Programme on Non-Tariff Barriers in the Committee on Trade and Development: Submission of Barbados on behalf of the ACP Group of States | 23 November 2015

Special safeguard mechanism for developing country Members: Submission by the G-33 | 18 November 2015

Proposal for Inclusion in Declaration of 10th Ministerial Conference: Submission by Bangladesh on behalf of the LDC Group | 16 November 2015

Textual proposal on the future work after Nairobi: Submission by Saudi Arabia on behalf of the Arab Group | 13 November 2015

Submission by Egypt on Part III of the Nairobi Declaration | 12 November 2015

Proposal on MC10 Ministerial Declaration Part III: Submission from the Republic of Korea | 11 November 2015

African Group Textual Proposal on a Declaration for the 10th WTO Ministerial Conference | 10 November 2015

Draft Inputs into MC10 Declaration from the ACP Group | 10 November 2015

Textual Proposal on the Future Work after the Tenth Ministerial Conference in Nairobi: Submission by Guatemala on behalf of the Small and Vulnerable Economies (SVEs) | 10 November 2015

Proposal on a Declaration for MC10: Joint Proposal by China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, South Africa and Venezuela | 6 November 2015

Declaration of the African Union Informal Ministerial Meeting on the Tenth WTO Ministerial Conference | 5 November 2015

Joint Statement by African and Indian Civil Society on the Nairobi Ministerial of the WTO | 27 October 2015

ACP Group Declaration on the Tenth WTO Ministerial Conference (MC10) | 21 October 2015

Reaffirming development: MC10 Nairobi and Post MC10 Nairobi – Submission by the G-33 | 5 October 2015


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