Trade Data Analysis

Zimbabwe: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Zimbabwe: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

In 2018, Zimbabwe imported and exported goods from and to the rest of Africa to the value of US$3.1 billion and US$2.6 billion, respectively. Intra-Africa imports accounted for 50% of Zimbabwe’s total imports, and exports for 65% of total exports for 2018. Some highlights:

  • In 2018, 56% of Zimbabwe’s total trade was intra-Africa. Zimbabwe’s total trade with the rest of Africa increased by 11% from 2017 to 2018.

  • From 2017 to 2018, Zimbabwe’s intra-Africa exports decreased by 2%, while intra-Africa imports increased by 25%.

  • In 2018, Zimbabwe’s main export products were unmanufactured tobacco (31% of total intra-Africa exports), gold (20%), nickel ores and concentrates (15%), ferro-alloys ((9%).

  • The main import products were petroleum oils and electrical energy (each accounting for 5% of total intra-Africa imports), soya-bean oil (4%), motor vehicles, insecticides and nitrogenous fertilisers (each accounting for 3% of total intra-Africa imports).

  • 79% of Zimbabwe’s intra-Africa trade is with South Africa (44% of Zimbabwe’s world total trade). In 2018, 79% of Zimbabwe’s imports were from South Africa, and 80% exports were to South Africa.

  • Apart from South Africa, other main African trading partners of Zimbabwe include Mozambique (9% of total intra-Africa trade), Zambia (4%) and Mauritius (3%).

  • Exports to Mozambique account for 15% of Zimbabwe’s intra-Africa exports, exports to Zambia account for 3% in 2018. 12% of Zimbabwe’s intra-Africa imports were sourced from Mauritius and Zambia (with 6% each).

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Most goods imported into Zimbabwe from other SADC and COMESA member states enter duty-free. Zimbabwe offers South Africa preferential duty rates under SADC. In addition, prior to 20 November 2018, imports from South Africa into Zimbabwe were granted preferential access in accordance with the South Africa and Zimbabwe bilateral trade agreement (BTA) of 1964. The BTA was terminated on 20 November 2018. Trade between the two countries is now conducted under the SADC FTA.

Zimbabwe’s intra-African imports from outside COMESA and SADC are levied the MFN applied duty.


Zimbabwe: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | June 2019
Infographic – Zimbabwe: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | June 2019

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