Trade Data Analysis

Guinea: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Guinea: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Guinea’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs. Data is sourced from the UN International Trade Centre (ITC) TradeMap and World Trade Organisation (WTO) Tariff databases. The update is accompanied by a visual representation of key data and trends in an infographic.

Intra-Africa trade

In 2017, Guinea exported and imported goods to and from the rest of Africa to the value of US$528 million and US$881 million, respectively. Intra-Africa exports accounted for 0.9% of Guinea’s total exports and imports for 30% of total imports in 2017.

  • Semi-manufactured gold is by far the most important intra-Africa export product from Guinea, accounting for 85% of Guinea’s total intra-Africa exports.

  • Other products exported by Guinea include plastic packaging materials (3%), powered aircraft (2%) nitrogenous fertilisers (2%) and unused postage and currency (1%). The top 10 intra-Africa export products accounts for 97% of Guinea’s total exports to other African countries.

  • Guinea’s main intra-Africa import products are light vessels, machinery parts, petroleum oils (not Crude) and self-propelled construction vehicles. The top 10 products Guinea imports from the rest of Africa accounts for 85% of Guinea’s total intra-Africa imports.

  • In terms of total trade (exports + imports) Ivory Coast (48% of total trade) and Ghana (29%) are Guinea’s main African trading partners. Ivory is the main source country for import products, mainly ships, boats and floating structures while Ghana is the main destination market. 99% of the products exported by Guinea to Ghana is gold for non-monetary purposes.

  • Other trading partners include Eswatini (5% of total trade all of which is gold), Morocco (3%), Mali (3%) and South Africa (2%).

  • The main destination markets for Guinea’s intra-Africa exports are Ghana (74%), Eswatini (12%), Mali (6%) and Ivory Coast (2%).

  • Guinea mainly sources intra-Africa imports from Ivory Coast (75%), Morocco (5%), South Africa (4%) and Togo (3%).

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Guinea implements the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Trade Liberalisation Scheme (ETLS) enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Senegal duty-free. Goods imported from CEN-SAD countries, which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Somalia and Tunisia) and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty of Guinea is the ECOWAS CET.

The ECOWAS CET has five tariff bands – 0%, 5%, 10%, 20% and 35% and there are no specific import duties. The 35% tariff is applicable to numerous tariff lines, including meat and edible offal of bovine, swine and poultry; sausages; sugar confectionery not containing cocoa; cocoa powder and chocolate, yoghurt and waters.

Various products are imported free of duty, including medicaments (HS30), orthopaedic appliances (HS9021), printed paper materials (unused postage, newspaper, books, music manuscripts, maps and children’s drawings), petroleum oils (HS2709) and laboratory cultures and reagents (HS3821 and 3822).

12% of Guinea’s intra-Africa imports are from countries outside ECOWAS, mainly sourced from Morocco (39%) and South Africa (32%). Of the top 20 import products sourced from outside ECOWAS only double salts are imported duty-free. 10 tariff lines have the MFN applied duty of 5% (including fertilisers, self-propelled mechanical shovels and excavators, machinery parts, passenger and goods vessels and dredges). Imports of waters, wheat and meslin flour and paper sacks and bags are levied the MFN applied duty of 20%.

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Guinea: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018
Infographic: Guinea – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018

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