Agro-processing, manufacturing and ICT offer opportunities for Indian investments in SADC region: Exim Bank
The Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) released a new publication entitled ‘India-SADC Trade and Investment Relations: Harnessing The Potential’ during the Inaugural Session of the 14th CII-EXIM Bank Conclave on India-Africa Project Partnership held in New Delhi on March 17, 2019.
The study analyses the current trade and investment scenario in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region and the opportunities that the region presents for Indian businesses. The study highlights trends in SADC’s intra-regional as well as global trade and foreign investments, and draws strategies for enhancing its trade and investment.
SADC countries are integral part of the African region accounting for around one-third of Africa’s total geographical area, GDP and population in 2017. Among the major regional trading blocs in Africa, SADC is the largest contributor to Africa’s GDP (in nominal terms) in 2017. According to the World Trade Organization (WTO), SADC ranks first among African RTAs in value terms, representing 37.3 percent of total African exports in 2017.
With the increasing diversification of India’s global trade towards other developing countries, SADC has emerged as an important partner for India. During the last ten years, India’s total trade with SADC countries nearly doubled from US$ 13.7 billion in 2008 to US$ 25.5 billion in 2017, with SADC’s share in India’s total trade with Africa having increased from 32.8 percent in 2008 to 42.4 percent in 2017.
The increasing importance of India as SADC’s trading partner can also be assessed from the fact that India’s share in SADC’s global trade has more than doubled from 2.9 percent recorded in 2008 to 6.4 percent in 2017.
The study highlights that though SADC’s trade has grown considerably since the establishment of an FTA in 2008, there exist immense potential for increasing SADC’s regional and overall trade. Key strategies include enhancing intra-regional trade, product and market diversification, reduction of non-tariff barriers(NTBs) and other barriers to trade, and development of regional and global value chains.
The SADC region accounts for 94 percent of Indian investments in Africa during April 1996 to March 2018, with investments, mostly concentrated towards Mauritius, Mozambique and South Africa. The study highlights select potential sectors in broadening India’s investment base in the region, which include agro-processing, mineral processing, and manufacturing (pharmaceuticals, consumer goods including textile and apparel, leather and footwear and automotive components) sectors, and developing information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure in the region.