Trade Data Analysis

Mali: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Mali: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade

In 2017, 48% of Mali’s total trade (exports + imports) was trade with the rest of the African continent. 60% (US$1.1 billion) of Mali’s total exports are to other African countries while 43% (US$1.8 billion) of Mali’s imports are intra-African imports.

Mali’s main intra-Africa export product is gold; 68% of intra-African exports for 2017. All gold exports were to South Africa.

53% of Mali’s imports are petroleum oils (not crude) imported mainly from Ivory Coast and Niger. 81% of Mali’s total intra-Africa trade is with Senegal, South Africa and Ivory Coast. 68% of exports are to South Africa, almost all of it being gold. Burkina Faso is another important destination market.

36% of Mali’s total intra-African trade is with countries outside ECOWAS. Exports to countries outside ECOWAS account for 71% of Mali’s total intra-Africa exports. This is due to gold exports to South Africa. Removing gold from the equation reveals that only 2.4% of Mali’s intra-Africa exports are to countries excluding ECOWAS member states. 15% of Mali’s African imports are sourced from outside ECOWAS; mainly South Africa (56%), Morocco (29%), Mauritania (5%) and Tunisia (4%).

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

Mali prescribes to the ECOWAS ETLS enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Mali duty-free. Goods imported from CEN-SAD countries, which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Somalia and Tunisia) and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty of Mali is the ECOWAS CET.

The highest average ad valorem applied tariff is 35% and there are no specific import duties. The 35% tariff is applicable to numerous tariff lines, including meat and edible offal of bovine, swine and poultry; sausages; sugar confectionery not containing cocoa; cocoa powder and chocolate, yoghurt and waters.

Various products are imported free of duty, including medicaments (HS30), orthopaedic appliances (HS9021), printed paper materials (unused postage, newspaper, books, music manuscripts, maps and children’s drawings), petroleum oils (HS2709) and laboratory cultures and reagents (HS3821 and 3822).

Apart from duty-free and 35%, the ECOWAS CET has three additional tariff bands – 5%, 10% and 20%.


Mali: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | March 2019
Infographic: Mali – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | March 2019

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