Trade Data Analysis

Niger: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Niger: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Niger’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs.

Intra-Africa trade

Niger’s trade composition with Africa is relatively concentrated in a few products in terms for exports while imports are relatively diversified. Niger has a trade surplus with Africa. In 2017, intra-Africa exports were valued at US$ 1.7 billion while imports were mere US$ 386 million. Intra-Africa exports account for 83% of Niger’s global exports while intra-Africa imports account for 22% of Niger’s global imports.

The bulk of exports were destined to ECOWAS states – Nigeria; Benin; Mali; Burkina Faso and Chad with a combined share of 97%. These 5 export destinations accounted for almost all Niger’s total intra-Africa exports.

In terms of import sources, again, ECOWAS member states dominated supply, with Nigeria (30%) Ivory Coast (14%); Ghana (14%) and Benin (10%), thus making a combined share of about 68% of Niger’s intra-Africa in 2017. Rest of Africa accounted for a mere 23% share in 2017.

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

Niger is party to ECOWAS and CEN-SAD. However, no preference is given to CEN-SAD members unless they are also member of ECOWAS. ECOWAS has a common external tariff (CET) in place.

With the exclusion of ECOWAS, Niger’s total intra-Africa imports were valued at about US$ 27 million in 2017 which is equivalent to about 7% of Niger’s total intra-Africa imports. Of all products imported, the average tariff rate was about 12%. Main products Wheat flour; Pasta; motor vehicles; interior deco finishes; and tropical fruits, among others. Top 10 imports from these countries accounted for 84% of Niger’s non-REC intra-Africa imports in 2017.


Niger: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Infographic: Niger – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Niger: Intra-Africa trade data spreadsheet | December 2018

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