Trade Data Analysis

Burkina Faso: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Burkina Faso: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

In 2018, Burkina Faso exported and imported goods to and from the rest of Africa to the value of US$443 million and US$1.1 billion, respectively. Intra-Africa exports account for 13% of Burkina Faso’s total exports and imports for 27% of total imports for 2018. Some highlights:

  • Between 2017 and 2018, Burkina Faso’s intra-Africa exports increased by 17%, while intra-Africa imports increased by 14%. 

  • Burkina Faso’s main intra-Africa export products are zinc, seeds, fruits and vegetable and machinery. The top 10 intra-Africa export products account for 86% of Burkina Faso’s total exports to other African countries.

  • 32% of Burkina Faso’sintra-Africa imports are non-crude petroleum oils. Other main import products are cement, electrical energy, fertilisers, tobacco and wheat or meslin flour. The top 10 products Burkina Faso imports from the rest of Africa account for 67% of Burkina Faso’s total intra-Africa imports.

  • Burkina Faso’s main export destination is Switzerland, to which more 52% of Burkina Faso’s exports by value (mostly gold) are sold. Other destinations are 15% to India (gold) and 8% to Singapore (cotton). Côte d’Ivoire is the fourth largest export destination, accounting for 4% of total exports with the primary export product being zinc.

  • The majority of Burkina Faso’s intra-African imports are sourced from neighbours Côte D’Ivoire, Ghana and Togo, with larger economies, South Africa and Morocco also contributing around 6% each of Burkina Faso’s imports.

  • Burkina Faso’s intra-African exports are also to neighbouring countries, with Côte D’Ivoire, Ghana and Togo again dominating exports, with around 4% each to Niger and Mali.

  • In terms of Burkina Faso’s total trade (exports + imports) with the rest of the continent; Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana and Togo are Burkina Faso’s main African trading partners, accounting for 9%, 4% and 3% respectively of Burkina Faso’s total trade.

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Burkina Faso subscribes to the ECOWAS ETLS enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Burkina Faso duty-free. Goods imported from CEN-SAD countries, which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Somalia and Tunisia) and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty of Burkina Faso is the ECOWAS CET.

The highest average ad valorem applied tariff is 35% and there are no specific import duties. The 35% tariff is applicable to numerous tariff lines, including meat and edible offal of bovine, swine and poultry; sausages; sugar confectionery not containing cocoa; cocoa powder and chocolate, yoghurt and waters.

Various products are imported free of duty, including medicaments (HS30), orthopaedic appliances (HS9021), printed paper materials (unused postage, newspaper, books, music manuscripts, maps and children’s drawings), petroleum oils (HS2709) and laboratory cultures and reagents (HS3821 and 3822).

Burkina Faso’s main import sources outside of ECOWAS are South Africa and Morocco. The products imported from outside ECOWAS are relatively diversified, including steel and iron structures, fertilisers, oil and frozen mackerel. Tariffs imposed on these imports are typically either 5% (iron and steel structures, fertilisers) or 10% (medium oils, frozen mackerel), with light oils, butanes and urea (also a fertiliser) at 0%. Burkina Faso’s only significant intra-African non-ECOWAS import with a higher tariff is food preparations (which includes other food preparations and bread improver). Products under this heading are imported from various non-ECOWAS African countries, including Morocco and South Africa.


Burkina Faso: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | July 2019
Infographic: Burkina Faso – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | July 2019
Burkina Faso: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Infographic: Burkina Faso – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Burkina Faso: Intra-Africa trade data spreadsheet | December 2018

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