Trade Data Analysis

Namibia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Namibia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Namibia’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs.

Intra-Africa trade

Namibia’s intra-Africa trade is relatively significant for both exports and imports. In 2017, about 42% (US$2.2 billion) and 67% (US$ 4.6 billion) of its global exports and imports trade respectively was intra-Africa trade.

As a member of SACU, the bulk of its intra-Africa trade was with SACU. About 80% of its intra-Africa exports were destined to South Africa (51%) and Botswana (29%). SADC member states were also recipients of Namibia’s intra-Africa exports with Zambia, DRC, Angola and Zimbabwe as top destinations. Top 10 export destinations accounted for 87% of Namibia’s total intra-Africa exports.

Intra-Africa imports were also dominated by SACU and mostly originating from South Africa which accounted for 82% of Namibia’s intra-Africa imports. Botswana accounted for an additional 9% with SADC’s Zambia accounting for just above 7%. These 3 countries were the major suppliers of Namibia’s intra-Africa imports. Other SACU and SADC members accounted for less than 2% of Namibia’s intra-Africa imports.

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

As highlighted already, the bulk of goods imported by Namibia originate from SACU and SADC. Goods originating from SACU enter Namibia duty free, while the bulk of goods from SADC also enter duty free with a few exceptions which include sugar, second-hand clothes and tyres.

Beyond SACU and SADC, other African countries’ products are levied at Most Favoured Nation (MFN) rates. Clothing and Textiles attract duties ranging from 26% - 45%; while tobacco attracts 38% duty and leather products as well as carpets attracting duties of about 27%.

Due to the common external tariff (CET) amongst SACU members, the tariffs applied to non-members are similar and highest tariffs are levied on imports of prepared or preserved pineapples (55% duty), tobacco cigarettes (45%), tobacco substitute cigarettes and cigars (45%), water-pipe tobacco (45%) clothing items (40% and 45%), retreated tyres (43%) and uncooked pasta not containing eggs (40%).

Specific duties also exist on Dairy products; Unmanufactured tobacco; Black fermented tea; Garlic; Ethyl alcohol; and Wheat and meslin flour.


Namibia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Infographic: Namibia – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Namibia: Intra-Africa trade data spreadsheet | December 2018

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