Trade Data Analysis

Namibia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Namibia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

In 2018, Namibia exported and imported goods to and from the rest of Africa to the value of US$2.4 billion and US$5.4 billion, respectively. Intra-Africa exports account for 32% of Namibia’s total exports and imports for 65% of total imports for 2018.

  • Between 2017 and 2018, Namibia’s intra-Africa exports increased by 8%, while intra-Africa imports increased by 19%. The increase in intra-Africa imports can mainly be attributed to a significant increase in imports from Zambia.

  • All major export products from Namibia, except exports of semi-manufactured gold (a decline of 33%) increased between 2017 and 2018. Imports of refined copper increased by 335%, while imports of diamonds and goods vehicles declined by 19% and 3% respectively.

  • Namibia’s main intra-Africa export products are diamonds, semi-manufactured gold, frozen fish and live animals. The top 10 intra-Africa export products account for 72% of Namibia’s total exports to other African countries.

  • 19% of Namibia’s intra-Africa imports are unrefined copper, 7% motor vehicles (goods and passenger vehicles), 6% diamonds and 6% petroleum oils (not crude). The top 10 intra-Africa import products account for 44% of Namibia’s total imports from other African countries.

  • Namibia mainly trades with neighbouring South Africa; in 2018, 61% of Namibia’s total intra-Africa trade (exports + imports) was with South Africa. However, between 2017 and 2018, Namibia’s trade with South Africa declined by 1.2%, while trade with Zambia doubled.

  • Other main African trading partners, in terms of Namibia’s total intra-Africa trade are Zambia (18%), Botswana (13%) and DRC (2%).

  • Namibia mainly exports to SACU and/or SADC member states. 76% of intra-Africa exports are to South Africa and Botswana, while 19% of intra-Africa exports are to Zambia, DRC and Angola.

  • 68% of Namibia’s intra-Africa imports are sourced from South Africa, 22% from Zambia and 6% from Botswana. Of the main African source markets only Tunisia (accounting for 1% of Namibia’s total intraAfrica imports) is not a SACU and/or SADC member state.

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Most of the goods imported into Namibia from other SADC member states enter duty-free. The only exceptions are wheat flour, sugar, second-hand clothes and tyres. Although the applied duty for wheat flour imports from SADC member states is zero, there are currently no SADC Rules of Origin on wheat flour. This means that wheat flour originating from SADC and imported into Namibia is levied the MFN applied duty of 73.61c/kg. Sugar imports, raw and refined face a specific duty of 401.79c/kg, while the duty on second-hand clothes varies depending on the tariff line (20% ad valorem, 35c/unit, 50c/unit and 60% or 2500c/kg).

African imports from outside SACU and SADC are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty is the SACU Common External Tariff (CET).

Namibia’s highest ad valorem import duties are levied on imports of whole frozen chicken (82%), prepared or preserved pineapples (55% duty), tobacco cigarettes (45%), tobacco substitute cigarettes and cigars (45%), water-pipe tobacco (45%) clothing items (40% and 45%), retreaded tyres (43%) and uncooked pasta not containing eggs (40%). At the HS8 level, the SACU CET has 7927 tariff lines.

Downloads

Namibia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | November 2019
Infographic: Namibia – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | November 2019
Namibia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Infographic: Namibia – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Namibia: Intra-Africa trade data spreadsheet | December 2018

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