Trade Data Analysis

Cameroon: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Cameroon: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Cameroon’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs.

Intra-Africa trade

Cameroon’s trade composition with Africa is relatively concentrated in a few products in terms for both imports and exports, albeit imports are more concentrated. Cameroon has a trade deficit with Africa. In 2017, intra-Africa exports were valued at US$ 778 million while imports were over US$ 1.8 billion. Intra-Africa exports account for 12% of Cameroon’s global exports while intra-Africa imports account for 18% of Cameroon’s global imports.

The bulk of exports were destined to ECCAS states – Chad; Gabon; Central Africa Republic and Congo and accounted for 52% of Cameroon’s intra-Africa exports. Nigeria; Senegal and Togo, although not members of ECCAS featured in the top 10 with a combined share of 26% of Cameroon’s intra-Africa exports in 2017. Top 10 export destinations accounted for 91% of Cameroon’s total intra-Africa exports.

In terms of import sources, Togo; Nigeria; Morocco and South Africa (all of which are non-REC members) accounted for 70% of Cameroon’s intra-Africa imports. Mauritania; Ivory Coast; Egypt and Senegal accounted for an additional 16% share of Cameroon’s intra-Africa imports. Top 10 countries had a combined import share of 92% in 2017.

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

Cameroon is party to ECCAS and since the FTA is not yet in force, no preferences are accorded to ECCAS members with exception of Cameroon and Gabon that signed a PTA amongst each other and thus enjoy preferential access to Cameroon.

With the exclusion of Congo and Gabon; Cameroon’s total intra-Africa imports were valued at about US$ 1.8 billion in 2017 which is equivalent to 97% of Cameroon’s total intra-Africa imports. Of all products imported, the average tariff rate was about 18%. Given that there is little preferential access to Cameroon, the majority of imports are similar to the total imported from Africa – Petroleum oils (both refined and crude); frozen fish; Petroleum gases and motor vehicles. Top 10 imports from these countries accounted for about 81% of Cameroon’s non-REC intra-Africa imports in 2017.


Cameroon: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Infographic: Cameroon – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | December 2018
Cameroon: Intra-Africa trade data spreadsheet | December 2018

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