Trade Data Analysis

Ghana: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Ghana: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

In 2018, Ghana exported and imported goods to and from the rest of Africa to the value of US$2.5 billion and US$1.2 billion, respectively. Intra-Africa exports account for 15% of Ghana’s total exports and imports for 11% of total imports for 2018.

  • Between 2017 and 2018, Ghana’s intra-Africa exports increased by 14%; however, intra-ECOWAS exports declined by 29%. The importance of other ECOWAS member states as African destination markets for Ghanaian exports has declined significantly since 2016; in 2016 intra-ECOWAS exports accounted for 78% of Ghana’s intra-Africa exports while in 2018 only 30% of Ghana’s intra-Africa exports were to other ECOWAS member states.

  • Between 2017 and 2018 Ghana’s world imports declined by 7%, while intra-Africa imports increased by 8%. Intra-ECOWAS imports increased by 9%.

  • Ghana mainly exports semi-manufactured gold and crude petroleum oils to the rest of Africa. These products account for 70% of Ghana’s intra-Africa exports.

  • Other export products include household and toilet articles of plastic, palm oil, wheat flour and plastic packaging. The top 10 export products account for 84% of Ghana’s intra-Africa exports.

  • Ghana imports diverse products from the rest of Africa including frozen fish (11% of intra-Africa imports), goods vehicles (7%), cement (5%), petroleum oils (not crude) (5%) and palm oil (3%). The top 10 import products account for 41% of Ghana’s intra-Africa imports.

  • 56% of Ghana’s total intra-Africa trade (exports + imports) is with South Africa. 68% of intra-Africa exports are destined for the South African market, while 33% of intra-Africa imports are sourced from South Africa. The main export products are semi-manufactured gold and crude petroleum oil; imports include goods and passenger vehicles, steel structures, machinery used to work minerals and its parts, apples and maize.

  • In terms of total intra-Africa trade other trading partners include Burkina Faso (8% of total intra-Africa trade), Nigeria (6%) and Togo (5%).

  • Apart from South Africa, other main African destination markets are Burkina Faso, Togo, Nigeria and Niger and other main African source markets are Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Egypt and Morocco.

  • In 2018 30% of Ghana’s intra-Africa exports and 36% of intra-Africa imports were to and from other ECOWAS member states.

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Ghana subscribes to the ECOWAS ETLS enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Ghana duty-free. Goods imported from CEN-SAD countries, which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Somalia and Tunisia) and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty is the ECOWAS CET. The ECOWAS CET has five tariff bands – 0%, 5%, 10%, 20% and 35% and there are no specific import duties.

Downloads

Ghana: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | August 2019
Infographic: Ghana – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | August 2019
Ghana: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | November 2018
Infographic: Ghana – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | November 2018
Ghana: Intra-Africa trade data spreadsheet | November 2018

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