Ivory Coast: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Ivory Coast: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Ivory Coast: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

In 2018, Ivory Coast exported and imported goods to the value of US$2.86 billion and US$2.5 billion, respectively to and from the rest of Africa. Intra-Africa exports accounts for 24% of Ivory Coast’s total exports and imports for 23% of total imports for 2018. Some highlights:

  • Between 2017 and 2018 world imports increased by 14%, while intra-Africa imports increased by 29% - imports of petroleum oil (crude) increased by 59%, while frozen fish imports increased by 15%. Imports from Nigeria increased by 52%.

  • The main import product was crude petroleum oil (51% of intra-Africa imports mainly from Nigeria). Other imports include frozen fish (15%), not crude petroleum oil (7%), cement (2%) and cigars (2%).

  • In terms of total intra-Africa trade (exports + imports) Ivory Coast mainly trades with Nigeria (29% of intra-Africa total trade), Burkina Faso (12%), Mali (11%) and South Africa (9%).

  • Between 2017 and 2018, Ivory Coast’s world and intra-Africa exports decreased by 6% and 1% respectively. The decrease in intra-Africa exports can mainly be attributed to a 25% decrease in unwrought gold exports and 5% decrease in exports of electric energy. Exports to Ghana and South Africa decreased by 24% and 12% respectively.

  • 37% of intra-Africa exports are petroleum oil (not crude), unwrought gold and palm oil.

  • Between 2017 and 2018 world imports increased by 14%, while intra-Africa imports increased by 29% – imports of petroleum oil (crude) increased by 59%, while frozen fish imports increased by 15%. Imports from Nigeria increased by 52%.

  • The main import product was crude petroleum oil (51% of intra-Africa imports mainly from Nigeria). Other imports include frozen fish (15%), not crude petroleum oil (7%), cement (2%) and cigars (2%).

  • In terms of total intra-Africa trade (exports + imports) Ivory Coast mainly trades with Nigeria (29% of intra-Africa total trade), Burkina Faso (12%), Mali (11%) and South Africa (9%).

  • Ivory Coast mainly trades with countries in ECOWAS – 78% of intra-Africa exports and 71% of intra-Africa imports are to and from other countries which are ECOWAS member states.

  • The main destination markets are Burkina Faso, Mali and Ghana. South Africa is the main destination market outside ECOWAS, accounting for 12% of Ivory Coast’s total intra-Africa exports.

  • The main African source market is Nigeria (53% of intra-Africa imports). Morocco and Mauritania are the main source markets outside ECOWAS for imports; however, these countries are members of CEN-SAD.

  • Outside ECOWAS and CEN-SAD South Africa is the main source market, accounting for only 5% of Ivory Coast’s total intra-Africa imports.

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

Intra-Africa import tariffs Ivory Coast prescribes to the ECOWAS ETLS enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Ivory Coast duty-free. Goods imported from CEN-SAD countries, which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Mauritania, Somalia and Tunisia) and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty of Ivory Coast is the ECOWAS CET which have five tariff bands – duty-free, 5%, 10%, 20% and 35%.

22% of Ivory Coast’s intra-Africa exports (US$615 million) are to African countries outside ECOWAS. 46% of export products are unwrought gold, 11% coffee and 10% medium oils. 56% of exports are to South Africa. 29% of intraAfrica imports are from countries outside ECOWAS; mainly Morocco, Mauritania and South Africa. Imports from outside ECOWAS are highly diverse; accordingly, the top 10 import products account for only 57% of Ivory Coast’s imports from non-ECOWAS countries. In 2018 imports from outside ECOWAS were valued at US$724 million; 56% were imports of products levied a 10% import tariff (at the HS6 level) and 23.8% of imports were levied 5% import duties. Imports of products levied 35%, 20% and 0% import duties account for 0.5%, 11.8% and 7.8% of imports respectively.

Of the top 20 products Ivory Coast imports from non-ECOWAS countries none are products facing 35% import duties. The majority of imports are levied 10% import duties (including frozen fish and mixtures of odoriferous substances). Five products are levied 5% import duties (goods vehicles for the assembly industry; coiled flat-rolled products, bars and rods of iron or steel; polypropylene in primary form and fertilisers) and two products face 20% import duties (paper cartons and boxes and fresh apples). Liquefied butanes, medicaments, urea and superphosphates are the only products imported duty-free.

Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

In 2018, Uganda exported and imported goods to the value of US$1.6 billion and US$1.4 billion, respectively to and from the rest of Africa. Intra-Africa exports account for 52% of Uganda’s total exports and imports for 21% of total imports for 2018. Some highlights:

  • Between 2017 and 2018, intra-Africa exports increased by 6%. Uganda’s exports of all main export products, except coffee, increased. Coffee exports declined by 43%.

  • Uganda’s world imports increased by 20% between 2017 and 2018, while intra-Africa imports increased by 47%. This was mainly due to a significant increase in imports of semi-manufactured gold from Tanzania, Mali and Kenya. Gold imports increased by US$334 million during the time period.

  • Uganda mainly exports agricultural commodities to the rest of Africa, including tea, coffee, maize, legumes, sugar and tobacco. The only exception is cement. The top 10 intra-Africa export products account for 46% of Uganda’s total exports to other African countries.

  • 24% of Uganda’s intra-Africa imports for 2018 is semi-manufactured gold. Other import products include flat-rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel (10%), petroleum oils (not crude) (3%), sugar in solid form (2%) and rice (2%). Rice imports more than doubled between 2017 and 2018.

  • The top 10 intra-Africa import products account for 47% of Uganda’s total imports from other African countries.

  • Uganda mainly trades with EAC and COMESA member states. In terms of total trade (exports + imports) Uganda’s main intra-Africa trading partners are Kenya (37% of total intra-Africa trade), Sudan (14%) and Tanzania (11%).

  • 56% of Uganda’s intra-Africa exports are to other EAC and/or COMESA member states; most notably Kenya. Accordingly, the main intra-Africa destination markets are Kenya, Sudan, Rwanda and the DRC.

  • Morocco and South Africa are the only top destination markets which are not EAC and/or COMESA member states. However, only 2% of Uganda’s intra-Africa exports are to these two countries.

  • Uganda’s intra-Africa imports are mainly sourced from other EAC member states (57% of total intra-Africa imports). 37% of imports are from Kenya, 19% from Tanzania and 8% from Egypt. Outside the EAC and COMESA, South Africa and Mali account for 22% and 4%, respectively of Uganda’s total intra-Africa imports.

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

Goods imported into Uganda from other EAC countries and the majority of COMESA member states enter duty-free. In COMESA the exceptions are goods imported from the DRC, Eritrea, Ethiopia, eSwatini, Somalia and Tunisia. African imports from outside the EAC and COMESA are levied the MFN applied duty which is the EAC CET. However, for the period 1 July 2018 – 1 July 2019 Uganda has been granted exceptions to the EAC CET by the EAC Council of Ministers for specific products.

The DRC, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Tunisia are all in the process of acceding to the COMESA free trade area. Imports from the DRC, Somalia and Tunisia are currently levied Uganda’s MFN applied tariffs until tariff phase-down by these countries under COMESA has taken place. The preferential import tariff for goods from Eritrea varies between 2% and 12%; up to 20% of the EAC CET. Products imported from Ethiopia are levied preferential tariffs of 9%, 18%, 22.5%, 31.5%, 45% and 54%; up to 90% of the EAC CET. The EAC CET has seven tariff bands – duty-free, 10%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 50% and 60%. Specific duties are applicable to imports of rice, sugar, second-hand clothes and products of iron or non-alloy steel.

3% of Uganda’s intra-Africa exports are to countries outside the EAC and COMESA. 54% of exports are coffee, 7% light oils, 5% stripped tobacco and 4% water pipe tobacco. 40% of exports are to Morocco and 21% to South Africa. 29% of Uganda’s intra-Africa imports are from countries outside the EAC and COMESA, mainly South Africa and Mali. 52% of imports are semi-manufactured gold, flat-rolled iron or non-alloy steel of a width greater or equal to 600mm in coils, compression-ignition goods vehicles and hot-rolled irregular coil bars and rods of iron or non-alloy steel. Of the US$408 million worth of imports from countries outside the EAC and COMEA 55% are duty-free imports and 33% are levied 25% import duties. Less than 1% of imports face high duties (35%-60%) or are levied specified tariffs. Of the top 20 import products 14 tariff lines are duty-free.

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Ivory Coast: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | July 2019
Infographic: Ivory Coast – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | July 2019
Ivory Coast: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | November 2018
Infographic: Ivory Coast – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | November 2018
Ivory Coast: Intra-Africa trade data | November 2018

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