Trade Data Analysis

Tanzania: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Tanzania: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

Tanzania’s trade composition with Africa is relatively concentrated in a few products in terms of exports while relatively diversified when it comes to imports. In 2017, intra-Africa exports were valued at US$ 1.6 billion while Tanzania imported over US$ 859 million worth of goods. Intra-Africa exports account for 37% of Tanzania’s global exports while intra-Africa imports account for 11% of Tanzania’s global imports.

The bulk of exports were destined to the SADC and the EAC region with South Africa; Kenya and the DRC accounting for 74% of Tanzania’s intra-Africa exports. Comoros; Malawi; Rwanda and Burundi accounted for an additional 17% share in 2017. Top 10 export destinations accounted for 97% of Tanzania’s total intra-Africa exports. All top 10 export destinations were either destined to SADC or the EAC.

In terms of import sources, 72% of Tanzania’s intra-Africa imports originated from the South Africa and Kenya in 2017. Again, EAC and SADC countries were the main sources of imports, with the exception of Egypt and Morocco which featured in the top 10 import sources with a combined share of 5%. Other countries which featured in the top 10 included Zambia; Swaziland; Uganda; Malawi and Madagascar.

  • The top export products included gold; beauty or make-up preparations; maize or corn and uncoated kraft paper and paperboard, among others. The top 10 export products accounted for 61% of Tanzania’s total intra-Africa exports.

  • In 2018, 69% of Tanzania’s intra-Africa imports originated from South Africa and Kenya. The top 10 import products were sourced from the EAC and SADC, with the exception of Egypt and Morocco. Other top 10 import sources include Uganda, Zambia, eSwatini, Mozambique, Malawi and Madagascar.

  • The top imports included iron & steel, sugar, motor vehicles and fertilisers. Tanzania’s top 10 intra-Africa imports accounted for 37% of its total intra-Africa imports

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

Products from the EAC and SADC enjoy preferential access into Tanzania. Goods imported from countries outside the EAC Customs Union and SADC FTA do not enjoy preferential access into Tanzania. They are levied the MFN applied duty which is the EAC CET. In 2018, Tanzania’s total imports from African countries outside SADC and the EAC were valued at US$84 million, which constitutes 8% of Tanzania’s total intra-Africa imports. The highest average ad valorem applied tariff is 60%, which is applicable to several dairy products (including milk and cream; cheese and curd). Various products are imported duty-free.

Tanzania’s top import sources outside the EAC and SADC are Egypt and Morocco which account for 87% of Tanzania’s imports from outside the EAC and SADC. The main products Tanzania import from Egypt are sugar (29%) and insecticides (13%). Tanzania’s main imports from Morocco are mineral or chemical fertilisers (82%) and mineral or chemical nitrogenous fertilisers (15%).

Tanzania’s main import products from outside the EAC and SADC include diammonium phosphate (31%), sugar (14%), fungicides (6%), double salts and mixtures of calcium nitrate and ammonium nitrate (5%) and boards and cabinets (3%). Other imports include medium oils and preparations of petroleum or bituminous mineral, medicaments, groats and meal of wheat, aeroplanes and phenolic resins in primary forms (each 2% of imports). These products accounted for 70% of Tanzania’s imports sourced from outside EAC and SADC in 2018. Most of the top 10 import products sourced from outside the EAC and SADC are imported duty-free. However, sugar imports have a specific duty of 100% or US$ 460/MT whichever is higher. Groats and meal of wheat attract the highest duty (25% average tariff). Boards and cabinets are imported at 10% average tariff, while medium oils and preparations of petroleum or bituminous minerals are imported at 5.5% average tariff.

Downloads

Tanzania: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | July 2019
Infographic: Tanzania – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | July 2019
Tanzania: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | November 2018
Infographic: Tanzania – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | November 2018
Tanzania: Intra-Africa trade data | November 2018

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