Trade Data Analysis

Gambia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Gambia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Gambia’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs. Data is sourced from the UN International Trade Centre (ITC) TradeMap and World Trade Organisation (WTO) Tariff databases. The update is accompanied by a visual representation of key data and trends in an infographic.

Intra-Africa trade

In 2017, Gambia exported and imported goods to and from the rest of Africa to the value of approximately US$9.2 million and US$267 million, respectively. Intra-Africa exports accounted for 41% of Gambia’s total exports and intra-African imports for 48% of total imports for 2017.

Gambia’s top 10 export products constitute 91% of total exports to the rest of the continent. The exports to the rest of Africa are diverse but mainly consist of dairy and agricultural products with milk and cream making up 26% of the total exports.

Woven fabric, sugar and footwear are also important products for export, with woven fabric, sugar confectionery and footwear (excluding waterproof footwear) making up: 16%, 14%, and 10% respectively.

Rounding out the top 10 of Gambia’s intra-Africa exports are: crustaceans, waterproof footwear, tea, batteries, electricals, bread, pastry, cakes, biscuits, sauce, seasonings; mustard flour and meal.

Top export destinations for Gambia’s products are Mali and Guinea Bissau making up 68% and 23% respectively. Gambia’s main exports to Mali are: milk and cream (32%), woven fabric (22%) and sugar confectionery (20%). To Guinea Bissau, Gambia exports: sauce (33%) bread, pastry cakes (18%), milk and cream (16%).

Gambia’s top intra-Africa imports are petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals (excluding crude) from partners in the continent. Petroleum oil imports from African partners make up more than 50% of Gambia’s total intra-Africa imports. Granite, porphyry, basalt, sandstone and other monumental or building stone also form a considerable percentage of Gambia’s imports intra-Africa totalling 29%. Furthermore, construction vehicles (bulldozers, excavators, graders) feature in Gambia’s top products imported from across the continent, although the percentage is relatively low, accounting for only 3%. Cigarettes and tobacco products are also important import products accounting for 1 % as well as cement, which makes up 1% of intra-Africa imports.

The top 10 imports account for 97% of intra-African imports. Gambia’s main import sources are Ivory Coast and Senegal which account for 61% and 36% respectively. The main import product from Ivory Coast is petroleum oils (100%) and main imports from Senegal are building materials (82%) and machinery and mechanical appliances (9%).

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Gambia subscribes to the ECOWAS ETLS enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Gambia duty-free. Goods imported from CEN-SAD countries, which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Somalia and Tunisia) and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty of Gambia is the ECOWAS CET.

The highest average ad valorem applied tariff is 35%. The 35% tariff is applicable to numerous tariff lines, including meat and edible offal of bovine, swine and poultry; sausages; sugar confectionery not containing cocoa; cocoa powder and chocolate, yoghurt and waters.

Various products are imported free of duty, including medicaments (HS30), orthopaedic appliances (HS9021), printed paper materials (unused postage, newspaper, books, music manuscripts, maps and children’s drawings), petroleum oils (HS2709) and diagnostic laboratory cultures and reagents (HS3821 and 3822). Apart from duty-free and 35%, the ECOWAS CET has three additional tariff bands – 5%, 10% and 20%.

Gambia’s top import sources outside ECOWAS are: South Africa (44%), Morocco (28%) and Egypt (18%). These countries account for 90% of imports sourced out of ECOWAS. Main products imported by Gambia from South Africa are: tobacco and cigarettes (63%), milk and cream (13%), vegetable oils (3%) and apples and pears (3%).

Gambia’s main imports from Morocco are gypsum and calcium sulphate (41%), petroleum oils (15%) and preserved fish (10%). None of the top 10 import products from outside ECOWAS are imported duty-free. The import duties applicable to the main products imported from outside ECOWAS range between 5% and 35%. Gambia mainly imports tobacco and cigarettes from outside ECOWAS at a 20% duty, followed by plasters consisting of calcium gypsum, calcium sulphate (10% tariff), protein concentrate (7.5% average tariff), milk and cream (6.7% average tariff) and medium oils (8.1% average tariff). Sugar confectionary attracts the highest duty (35% tariff). Linseed oil also attracts a 20% tariff, and sacks and paper bags are also imported at a 20% tariff.

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Gambia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018
Infographic: Gambia – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018

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