Trade Data Analysis

Gambia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Gambia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

In 2018, Gambia exported and imported goods to and from the rest of Africa to the value of approximately US$5 million and US$279 million, respectively. Intra-Africa exports accounted for 54% of Gambia’s total exports, and intra-African imports for 51% of total imports for 2018. Some highlights:

  • Gambia’s top 10 export products constitute 90% of total exports to the rest of the continent. The exports to the rest of Africa are diverse but mainly consist of woven fabrics, chocolates, toilet paper and waterproof footwear. Woven fabrics account for 51% of Gambia’s total intra-Africa exports.

  • The top export destinations for Gambia’s products are Mali and Guinea-Bissau which account for 84% and 4% respectively. Gambia’s main exports to Mali are woven fabrics (61%), chocolates (10%) and toilet paper (9%). To Guinea Bissau, Gambia mainly exports wheat flour (55%), articles of iron or steel (23%) and corrugated paper and paperboard (10%).
  • Gambia’s top intra-Africa imports are petroleum oils. Petroleum oil imports from African partners make up more than 91% of Gambia’s total intra-Africa imports. Granite, porphyry, basalt, sandstone and other monumental or building stone account for 2% of Gambia’s intra-Africa imports. Furthermore, cement features in Gambia’s top products imported from across the continent, although the percentage is relatively low, accounting for only 1%, as well as cigars and motor vehicles which each make up 1% of intra-Africa imports.

  • The top 10 imports account for 96% of Gambia’s intra-African imports. Gambia’s main import sources are Ivory Coast and Senegal which account for 90% and 5%, respectively. Gambia’s main import product from Ivory Coast is petroleum oils (100%) and main imports from Senegal are granite, porphyry, basalt, sandstone and other monumental or building stone (35%) and nitrogenous fertilisers (7%).

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

Gambia subscribes to the ECOWAS ETLS enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Gambia duty-free. Goods imported from CEN-SAD countries, which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Somalia and Tunisia) and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty of Gambia is the ECOWAS CET.

The highest average ad valorem applied tariff is 35%. The 35% tariff is applicable to numerous tariff lines, including meat and edible offal of bovine, swine and poultry; potatoes, eggs, sausages; sugar confectionery not containing cocoa; cocoa powder and chocolate, yoghurt and waters. Apart from duty-free and 35%, the ECOWAS CET has three additional tariff bands – 5%, 10% and 20%.

The Gambia’s top import sources outside ECOWAS are Algeria (45%), Morocco (19%) and South Africa (17%). These countries account for 80% of imports sourced from outside ECOWAS. Main products imported by Gambia from Algeria are cement (83%), waters (12%) and pasta (5%). Gambia’s main imports from Morocco are gypsum (47%), granite (17%) and cartons, boxes, cases, bags and other packing containers (13%).

None of the top 10 import products from outside ECOWAS are imported duty-free. The import duties applicable to the main products imported from outside ECOWAS range between 5% and 35%.

Downloads

Gambia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | June 2019
Infographic: Gambia – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | June 2019
Gambia: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018
Infographic: Gambia – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018

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