Trade Data Analysis

Benin: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Benin: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Benin’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs. Data is sourced from the UN International Trade Centre (ITC) TradeMap and World Trade Organisation (WTO) Tariff databases. The update is accompanied by a visual representation of key data and trends in an infographic.

Intra-Africa trade

In 2017, Benin exported and imported goods to the value of US$184 million and US$453 million, respectively to and from the rest of Africa. Intra-Africa exports account for 25% of Benin’s total exports and imports for 15% of total imports for 2017.

  • Benin mainly exports seed oils, frozen chicken, cotton, cement and palm oil to the rest of Africa. The top 10 intra-Africa export products accounts for 74% of Benin’s total exports to other African countries.

  • Benin’s main intra-Africa import products are electric energy and petroleum oils (together 40% of total intra-Africa imports).

  • Other main import products are fresh and frozen fish, cement clinkers, palm oil and motorcycles. The top 10 products Benin imports from the rest of Africa accounts for 67% of Benin’s total intra-Africa imports.

  • In terms of total trade (exports + imports), Togo (36% of total trade) and Nigeria (21% of total trade) are Benin’s main trading partners. Nigeria is the main destination market and Togo supplies 47% of Benin’s total intra-Africa imports.

  • Other trading partners include Ivory Coast (7% of total trade), Morocco (5%) and Niger (5%).

  • The main destination markets for Benin’s intra-Africa exports are Nigeria (40%), Niger (16%), Egypt (12%) and Togo (7%).

  • Benin sources intra-Africa imports mainly from Togo (47%), Nigeria (13%), Ivory Coast (7%) and Morocco (7%).

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Benin prescribes to the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Trade Liberalisation Scheme (ETLS) enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Benin duty-free. Goods imported from CEN-SAD countries, which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Somalia and Tunisia) and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty of Benin is the ECOWAS CET.

The highest average ad valorem applied tariff is 35% and there are no specific import duties. The 35% tariff is applicable to numerous tariff lines, including meat and edible offal of bovine, swine and poultry; sausages; sugar confectionery not containing cocoa; cocoa powder and chocolate, yoghurt and waters.

Various products are imported free of duty, including medicaments (HS30), orthopaedic appliances (HS9021), printed paper materials (unused postage, newspaper, books, music manuscripts, maps and children’s drawings), petroleum oils (HS2709) and laboratory cultures and reagents (HS3821 and 3822).

Apart from duty-free and 35%, the ECOWAS CET has three additional tariff bands – 5%, 10% and 20%.

23% of Benin’s intra-Africa imports are from countries outside ECOWAS. The main supplying countries are Morocco, Mauritania and South Africa (these countries account for 76% of Benin’s intra-Africa imports sourced from outside ECOWAS). Of the top 20 import products only liquefied butanes (HS 271113) are imported free of duties, the other products are mainly levied either a 5% or 10% duty. 5 tariff lines at the HS6 level face 20% duties, including sacks and bags, sugar, wheat or meslin flour, fresh apples and lead acid accumulators. Benin mainly imports fish from outside ECOWAS at a 10% duty, followed by coal (5% tariff), sacks and bags (20% tariff), medium oils and preparations (5%-10% depending on the tariff line) and mixtures of odoriferous substances (beverage additive) (10% tariff).


Benin: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018
Infographic: Benin – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018

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