Trade Data Analysis

Nigeria: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Nigeria: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Please login to access the files below.

This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Nigeria’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs. Data is sourced from the UN International Trade Centre (ITC) TradeMap and World Trade Organisation (WTO) Tariff databases. The update is accompanied by a visual representation of key data and trends in an infographic.

Intra-Africa trade

In 2017, Nigeria exported and imported goods to the value of US$4.9 billion and US$1 billion to and from the rest of Africa, respectively. Intra-Africa exports accounts for 12% of Nigeria’s total exports and imports for 4% of total imports for 2017.

In 2017, Nigeria exported mainly petroleum oils to other African countries (83%). South Africa is its largest trade partner, both as exporter and importer.

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Nigeria prescribes to the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Trade Liberalisation Scheme (ETLS), enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Nigeria duty-free. Goods imported from The Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) countries which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Somalia and Tunisia), and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty – i.e. the ECOWAS Common External Tariff (CET).

The highest average ad valorem applied tariff is 35% and there are no specific import duties. The 35% tariff is applicable to numerous tariff lines, including meat and edible offal of bovine, swine and poultry; sausages; sugar confectionery not containing cocoa; cocoa powder and chocolate, yoghurt and waters.

Various products are imported free of duty, including medicaments (HS30), orthopaedic appliances (HS9021), printed paper materials (unused postage, newspaper, books, music manuscripts, maps and children’s drawings), petroleum oils (HS2709) and laboratory cultures and reagents (HS3821 and 3822).

Apart from duty-free and 35%, the ECOWAS CET has three additional tariff bands – 5%, 10% and 20%.

Nigeria mainly imports fertilizers, polymers, frozen fish, prepared binders and petroleum oils from African countries that are not ECOWAS members. These products are levied import duties of 8.86% for petroleum oils, 5% for petroleum cokes, 24.52% for palm oils and 20% for cigars.


Nigeria: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018
Infographic: Nigeria – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018

* Registration to the tralac website is required in order to download these files. Registration is free of charge and for monitoring purposes only.