Trade Data Analysis

Mauritania: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Mauritania: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Mauritania’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs. Data is sourced from the UN International Trade Centre (ITC) TradeMap and World Trade Organisation (WTO) Tariff databases. The update is accompanied by a visual representation of key data and trends in an infographic.

Intra-Africa trade

In 2017, Mauritania exported and imported goods to and from the rest of Africa to the value of US$137 million and US$196 million, respectively. Trade between Mauritania and the rest of the African continent is limited – intra-Africa exports accounted for 7% of Mauritania’s total exports and imports for 6% of total imports for 2017.

  • Mauritania mainly exports frozen fish to the rest of Africa, including frozen Salmonidae (not Trout, Pacific, Atlantic and Danube Salmon), sardines and fish fillets not elsewhere specified.

  • Other export products include meat and fish flours, meals and pellets; fresh fish; tubes, pipes and hollow profiles of iron or steel; plasters of gypsum and anhydrite; and preserved fish. The top 10 export products account for 99.76% of Mauritania’s exports to the rest of Africa; 98% of which are fish and fish-derived (flours, meals and pellets and oils and fats) products.

  • Mauritania imports a variety of goods from other African countries, including cement, vegetables, dates, construction equipment and its parts, sugar, pasta and petroleum oils.

  • The top 10 import products account for 48% of Mauritania’s intra-African imports.

  • Mauritania mainly trades with Morocco (33% of total trade (exports + imports)) and Ivory Coast (20% of total trade). Morocco is the main source country for intra-African imports and Ivory Coast the main African destination market.

  • Other trading partners including Nigeria (12% of total trade), Algeria (7%), South Africa (6%) and Senegal (6%).

  • 73% of Mauritania’s intra-African exports are to the Ivory Coast and Nigeria.

  • 75% of Mauritania’s intra-African imports are sourced from Morocco, Algeria and Senegal.

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Although Mauritania is party to only two RECs, the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD), neither of these RECs currently have free trade arrangements in place. Consequently, all goods imported from other African countries are levied the MFN applied tariff. The highest average ad valorem MFN applied tariff is 20% and Mauritania does not have any specific import duties. The 20% tariff is applicable to numerous tariff lines, including fish imports (HS3), articles of apparel and clothing (HS61 and 62), fabrics and special woven fabrics (HS58 and 60), meat and fish preparations (HS16) and beverages (HS41).

At the HS6 level, imports of 184 tariff lines are imported duty-free. These products include milk and cream, durum wheat, palm oil, yeast, bran, oilcake, chemical products (like argon, oxygen, calcium and titanium oxides), pharmaceutical products, dyes and plastic products (like polypropylene, resins and polyethylene).

Apart from duty-free and 20%, Mauritania has three additional tariff bands – 3%, 5% and 13%.


Mauritania: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018
Infographic: Mauritania – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018

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