Trade Data Analysis

Togo: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Togo: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Togo’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs. Data is sourced from the UN International Trade Centre (ITC) TradeMap and World Trade Organisation (WTO) Tariff databases. The update is accompanied by a visual representation of key data and trends in an infographic.

Intra-Africa trade

In 2017, Togo exported and imported goods to and from the rest of Africa to the value of US$513 million and US$277 million, respectively. Intra-Africa exports accounted for 69% of Togo’s total exports and imports for 17% of total imports in 2017.

  • Togo mainly exports cement (18%), plastic packaging (12%) and beauty and skin care preparations (10%) to the rest of Africa. The top 10 intra-Africa export products accounts for 69% of Togo’s total exports to other African countries.

  • Togo’s main intra-Africa import products are coal, frozen fish, petroleum oils and cement. The top 10 products Togo imports from the rest of Africa accounts for 54% of Togo’s total intra-Africa imports.

  • In terms of total trade (exports + imports), Burkina Faso (18% of total trade) and Ghana (16% of total trade) are Togo’s main trading partners. Ghana is both an important destination market (for exports of dement clinkers, beauty products and palm oil) and source country (for imports of bars and rods, wheat, butanes and undenatured ethyl alcohol).

  • Other trading partners include Benin (15% of total trade), Nigeria (11%) and Ivory Coast (10%).

  • The main destination markets for Togo’s intra-Africa exports are Burkina Faso (26%), Benin (21%) and Ghana (11%).

  • Togo mainly sources intra-Africa imports from Ghana (24%), Nigeria (17%), South Africa (15%) and Ivory Coast (13%).

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Togo prescribes to the ECOWAS ETLS enabling all qualifying goods sourced from approved producers in the other ECOWAS member states to be imported into Togo duty-free. Goods imported from CEN-SAD countries, which are not ECOWAS member states (including Egypt, Morocco, Somalia and Tunisia) and the rest of Africa are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied duty of Togo is the ECOWAS CET.

The ECOWAS CET has five tariff bands – 0%, 5%, 10%, 20% and 35% and there are no specific import duties. The 35% tariff is applicable to numerous tariff lines, including meat and edible offal of bovine, swine and poultry; sausages; sugar confectionery not containing cocoa; cocoa powder and chocolate, yoghurt and waters.

Various products are imported free of duty, including medicaments (HS30), orthopaedic appliances (HS9021), printed paper materials (unused postage, newspaper, books, music manuscripts, maps and children’s drawings), petroleum oils (HS2709) and laboratory cultures and reagents (HS3821 and 3822).

31% of Togo’s intra-Africa imports are from countries outside ECOWAS. The main supplying countries are South Africa (48%), Mauritania (14%), Morocco (12%) and Mozambique (11%) (these countries account for 84% of Togo’s intra-Africa imports sourced from outside ECOWAS). South Africa mainly exports coal, hot-rolled bars and rods, polypropylene and polyethylene to Togo. None of the top 20 import products are imported duty-free.

The import duties applicable to the main products imported from outside ECOWAS range between 5% and 20%. 3 tariff lines at the HS6 level face 15% duties (ethylene polymer plates and passenger vehicles) and 4 tariff lines 20% duties (prepared and preserved sardines, sacks and bags, couscous and iron or steel articles not elsewhere specified). Togo mainly imports coal from outside ECOWAS at a 5% duty, followed by frozen Salmonidae (10% tariff), hot-rolled bars and rods (5% tariff), frozen fish not elsewhere specified (10% tariff) and mixtures of odoriferous substances (beverage additive) (10% tariff).

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Togo: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018
Infographic: Togo – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | September 2018

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