Trade Data Analysis

Mauritius: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Mauritius: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

In 2018, Mauritius exported and imported goods to and from the rest of Africa to the value of US$455 million and US$707 million, respectively. Intra-Africa exports accounted for 23% of Mauritius’ total exports and imports for 13% of total imports for 2018. Some highlights:

  • Between 2017 and 2018, world exports decreased by 7%, while intra-Africa exports increased by 3%; mainly due to a 15% increase in exports to South Africa.

  • World imports and intra-Africa imports declined by 0.2% and 5% respectively between 2017 and 2018. Imports from South Africa increased by 7%, but imports from all other major African source markets (including Madagascar and Seychelles) declined.

  • Mauritius mainly exports clothing and fabrics to the rest of Africa. Of the top 10 intra-Africa export products (at HS4) five products are items of clothing or fabric accounting for 30% of Mauritius’ intra-Africa exports for 2018.

  • South Africa is the main trading partner for Mauritius. 60% of Mauritius’ total (exports + imports) intra-Africa trade is trade with South Africa; 47% of Mauritius’ intra-Africa exports and 68% of intra-Africa imports are to and from South Africa.

  • In terms of total trade, other main African trading partners include Madagascar (15% of total intra-Africa trade), Kenya (8%) and Seychelles (7%).

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Most of the goods imported into Mauritius from other SADC and COMESA member states enter duty-free. The DRC, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Tunisia are all in the process of acceding to the COMESA free trade area. Imports from Somalia and Tunisia are currently levied Mauritius’ MFN applied tariffs until tariff phase‑down by these countries under COMESA has taken place. Imports from the DRC, Eritrea and Ethiopia are granted preferential access; the preferential tariff applicable to imports from these three countries is 10% of the MFN applied tariff.

African imports from outside COMESA and SADC are levied the MFN applied duty. The MFN applied tariff of Mauritius has five tariff bands – duty-free, 5%, 10%, 20% and 30%. A significant number of Mauritius’ tariff lines are duty-free. At the HS8 tariff line level 94% of tariff lines are duty-free. 0.09% of the tariff lines have a 5% import duty, 0.6% of the tariff lines have a 10% tariff, 3.8% of the tariff lines have a 15% tariff and 1.57% of tariff lines have a 30% tariff.

The majority of goods imported from outside SADC and COMESA are duty-free.

Downloads

Mauritius: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | June 2019
Infographic: Mauritius – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | June 2019
Mauritius: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | August 2018
Infographic: Mauritius – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | August 2018

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