Trade Data Analysis

Mauritius: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Mauritius: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This Trade Data Update provides an overview of Mauritius’s intra-African trade relationships, both within the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and with other individual African countries; the top import and export products traded; and applicable tariffs. Data is sourced from the International Trade Centre (ITC) TradeMap database and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Tariff Database. The update is accompanied by a visual representation of key data and trends in an infographic.

Intra-Africa trade

Mauritius is party to two regional economic communities (RECs) in Africa, namely the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Mauritius’s trade composition with Africa is relatively diversified for both exports and imports. In 2017, intra-Africa exports and imports were valued at about US$443 million and US$747 million. Intra-Africa exports account for 21% of Mauritius’s global exports while intra-Africa imports account for 14% of Mauritius’s global imports.

The bulk of exports were destined to the COMESA and SADC region with South Africa; Madagascar and Kenya as top export destinations. These accounted for a combined share of 85% of Mauritius’ intra-Africa exports. Top 10 export destinations accounted for 98% of Mauritius’ total intra-Africa exports. Other top 10 destinations included Seychelles; Swaziland and Zimbabwe.

In terms of import sources, 60% originated from South Africa and a further 21% originated from Seychelles (11%) and Madagascar (10%) in 2017. Morocco (1%) was the only non-REC countries in Mauritius’ top 10 import sources.

Top export products included Cane or beet sugar; Men’s or boys’ suits; T-shirts; and Articles for the conveyance or packaging of goods, among others. Top 10 products accounted for 53% of Mauritius’ total intra-Africa exports. Top imports on the other hand included; Frozen fish (excl. fish fillets); Coal; briquettes; Petroleum oils; and Cigars, cheroots, cigarillos and cigarettes, among others. Mauritius’s top 10 intra-Africa imports accounted for 58% of its total intra-Africa imports.

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

Mauritius is one of the few African countries with a relatively open market when it comes to trade in goods. About 90% of Mauritius tariff lines are duty free with the exception of clothing which attract tariffs of up to 56% (men’s suits). Other goods that attract tariffs include toilet paper; paper products; and trunks/suitcases, among others. These attract tariffs in the 30% range.

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Mauritius: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | August 2018
Infographic: Mauritius – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | August 2018

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