Trade Data Analysis

Mozambique: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

Mozambique: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile

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This trade update provides a country analysis of Mozambique’s trade relations with Africa, including tariff analysis. All data is sourced from the United Nations (UN) International Trade Centre (ITC) TradeMap and Market Access Map (MacMap) databases. We use the most recent data available from these databases and we are cognizant of the challenges to access of reliable and quality data. Therefore, this analysis at best provides an indicative picture of Mozambique’s Africa trade profile.

Regional Economic Communities

Mozambique belongs to the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) only. SADC is a Regional Economic Community (REC) which is a free trade area (FTA) with 16 member states, of which 13 are in the FTA. These include all Southern African Customs Union (SACU) countries – South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland – as well as Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mauritius, Mozambique, Malawi, Seychelles and Tanzania. The three outstanding countries which are yet to join the FTA are the Comoros, DRC and Angola.

Intra-Africa trade

Mozambique’s trade profile with Africa is relatively concentrated and limited to a few products for exports while imports are relatively diversified. In 2017, intra-Africa exports and imports were valued at about US$1 billion and US$1.9 billion respectively. Intra-Africa exports account for 22% of Mozambique’s global exports while intra-Africa imports account for 32% of Mozambique’s global imports.

Over 98% of both exports and imports originate from SADC, with South Africa as the major trading partner accounting for 84% and 88% of Mozambique’s intra-Africa exports and imports, respectively. Kenya is Mozambique’s only top export destination outside of SADC; Liberia, Mauritania and Kenya are Mozambique’s main import sources outside of SADC.

Top export products in 2017 included Petroleum gas and Electricity which accounted for almost 80% of Mozambique’s total intra-Africa exports. Top 10 products accounted for 88% of Mozambique’s total intra-Africa exports. Top imports on the other hand included Electricity and Petroleum oils; Vehicles for transport of goods and frozen fish among others. Mozambique’s top 10 intra-Africa imports accounted for a mere 35% of Mozambique’s total intra-Africa imports.

Intra-Africa tariff analysis

Mozambique only belongs to one REC (SADC, a free trade area) but has bilateral preferential arrangements with Malawi and Zimbabwe. Therefore, only fellow SADC members enjoy duty free access into Mozambique for the bulk of their products. The rest of Africa’s products enter Mozambique at Most Favoured Nation (MFN) rates which are categorised in 5 tariff bands with the highest band in the range of 20% – 25%.

Goods that attract duty free rates include Pharmaceuticals & medicaments; Electricity; Aircrafts; and Animal or vegetable fertilisers. High tariffs of 20% are levied on Meat, fish and seafood food preparations nes; Manufactures of plaiting material, basketwork, etc; Carpets and other textile floor coverings; Clothing and Textiles; and Arms & Ammunition.

With the exclusion of SADC, Mozambique’s total intra-Africa imports were valued at only US$365 million in 2017 which is equivalent to 20% of Mozambique’s total intra-Africa imports. Of all products imported, the average tariff rate was about 10%. Main products included Petroleum products; fertilisers; medicaments; machinery and skin care products among others. Top 10 imports from these countries accounted for almost 81% of Mozambique’s non-REC intra-Africa imports in 2017.


Mozambique: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | July 2018
Infographic: Mozambique – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | July 2018
Mozambique: Intra-Africa trade data spreadsheet | July 2018

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