Trade Data Analysis

Egypt: Intra-African trade and tariff profile

Egypt: Intra-African trade and tariff profile

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Intra-Africa trade profile for 2018

Between 2017 and 2018, intra-Africa exports and imports increased by 30% and 15% respectively. The increase in intra-Africa exports can mainly be attributed to a significant increase in exports to Algeria and Libya.

  • The increase in intra-Africa imports is mainly due to an increase in imports of copper and crude petroleum oils. Imports of refined copper and crude petroleum oils increased by US$198 million and US$142 million respectively. Imports from the DRC increased by US$108 million, while imports from Sudan increased by USS$105 million. On the contrary, petroleum gas imports and imports from Nigeria decreased by US$457 million and US$266 million respectively.

  • 20% of Egypt’s intra-Africa exports are non-crude petroleum oils. Other export products include mixtures of odoriferous substances (an additive used in the food and beverage industry), non-wovens not specified elsewhere, flour and sanitary towels and similar articles. The top 10 export products accounts for 41% of Egypt’s total intra-Africa exports.

  • 48% of Egypt’s intra-Africa imports are copper, petroleum gas and tea. Other import products include crude petroleum oils, passenger vehicles, cotton and other oil seeds and oleaginous fruits. The top 10 import products account for 78% of Egypt’s intra-Africa imports.

  • Algeria is Egypt’s main intra-Africa trading partner. In terms of total intra-Africa trade (exports + imports) Algeria accounts for 20% of total trade. Other important trading partners include Libya (10% of total intra-Africa trade), Morocco (10%), Kenya (9%), Tunisia (9%) and Sudan (9%).

  • Apart from Algeria, other major destination markets include Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Sudan, while other major source markets are Kenya, Zambia, Sudan and South Africa.

Intra-Africa import tariffs

Goods imported into Egypt from AGADIR, PAFTA and COMESA FTA member states enter the Egyptian market duty-free. The DRC, eSwatini and Somalia are COMESA member states, but not COMESA FTA members. Accordingly, imports from these three countries are levied Egypt’s MFN applied tariffs. Under COMESA, Egypt applies preferential tariffs for imports from Uganda, Eritrea and Ethiopia. The preferential tariff applicable to imports from Uganda and Eritrea is 20% of the MFN applied tariff, while imports from Ethiopia are levied a preferential tariff of 80% of the MFN applied tariff. Imports from all other African countries (including CEN-SAD countries not members of AGADIR, PAFTA and the COMESA FTA) are levied the MFN applied tariff of Egypt which has 16 ad valorem tariff bands. Tariffs range from low (duty-free, 2%, 5% and 10%) to high (50%, 60% and 135%) to excessive (600%, 1200%, 1800% and 3000%). Egypt also has specific tariffs in place on the imports of tobacco and tobacco products, including cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco and snuff.


Egypt: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | August 2019
Infographic: Egypt – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | August 2019
Egypt: Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | June 2018
Infographic: Egypt – Intra-Africa trade and tariff profile | June 2018

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