Trade Data Analysis

EU-Africa trading relationship

EU-Africa trading relationship

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This Trade Data Update documents the trading relationship between Africa and the European Union from 2007 to 2016. The analysis uses UNCOMTRADE data sourced from the International Trade Centre (ITC) Trade Map, and is expressed in United States Dollars.

This Brief updates a previous analysis of the EU-Africa trading relationship from 2006 to 2015.


In 2016, Africa’s exports to the European Union stood at US$132.88 billion, registering a 11.85% decline from previous year’s total of US$150.75 billion.

The top 20 export commodities comprise of petroleum oil, petroleum gas, gold and platinum, motors (mainly from South Africa), cocoa beans, diamonds, clothing items, copper, citrus fruits, and unmanufactured tobacco. The export basket has remained undiversified, historically.

Major exporting countries in 2016 were South Africa, accounting for (20%), Algeria (14%), Morocco (12%), Nigeria (9%), Tunisia (8%), Egypt (6%), Cote d’Ivoire (4%), Libya (4%), and Angola (3%).

Trade data spreadsheet

This synopsis should be read in conjunction with the accompanying spreadsheet and contains the following data:

  • EU’s trade balance with African countries, by country;

  • Africa’s total imports from the EU, disaggregated by importing country at the HS4 level;

  • Africa’s total exports to the EU, disaggregated by importing country at the HS4 level;

  • Africa’s imports and exports products at HS4 level;

  • The trade profiles for COMESA, EAC, SACU, SADC, ECOWAS, and Maghreb;

  • The top 20 African exports to the EU, and top 20 African imports from EU at the HS4 level, by country for all African countries;

  • Graphical illustrations of the EU’s trading relationship with Africa’s Regional Economic Communities.


Synopsis: EU-Africa trading relationship | July 2017 - Author(s): Brian Mureverwi
Spreadsheet: EU-Africa trade data | July 2017 - Author(s): Brian Mureverwi

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