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Status of AfCFTA Ratification

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Status of AfCFTA Ratification
13 Dec 2018
1 minute read

The AfCFTA – on the way to entry into force

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Agreement will enter into force 30 days after 22 instruments of ratification have been deposited with the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (AUC) – the designated depositary for this purpose.

On 2 April 2019, The Gambia became the 22nd country to complete the domestic process required, in terms of its Constitution, to ratify the AfCFTA. To complete the ratification process, it needs still to deposit its instrument of ratification with the AUC Chairperson.

To date, 20 of the 22 countries that have received parliamentary approval have deposited their instruments of ratification (usually a diplomatic letter confirming ratification of the Agreement) with the depositary. This means that only 2 more countries have to deposit their instruments of ratification with the AUC Chairperson to reach the threshold of 22. Thirty (30) days after this threshold is reached, the AfCFTA will enter into force.

The 20 countries that have deposited their instruments of AfCFTA ratification are Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda, Niger, Chad, Congo Republic, Djibouti, Guinea, eSwatini (former Swaziland), Mali, Mauritania, Namibia, South Africa, Uganda, Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire), Senegal, Togo, Egypt, Ethiopia and The Gambia. The two countries that have obtained parliamentary approval for ratification but still need to deposit their instruments of ratification are Sierra Leone and Zimbabwe.

Last updated: 16 April 2019

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