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United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015: Resource box

United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015: Resource box

22 Sep 2015

24 minute read

A bold new global agenda to end poverty by 2030 and pursue a sustainable future was unanimously adopted by the 193 Member States of the United Nations on 25 September 2015 at the start of a three-day Summit on Sustainable Development at the UN headquarters in New York. The historic adoption of the new Sustainable Development Agenda, with 17 global goals at its core, ushers in a new era of national action and international cooperation. More than 150 world leaders addressed the Summit, which ended on Sunday.

“The new agenda is a promise by leaders to all people everywhere. It is a universal, integrated and transformative vision for a better world.”

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

The sustainable development goals (SDGs) follow, and expand on, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which were agreed by governments in 2000, and are due to expire at the end of this year. Recognizing the success of the MDGs – and the fact that a new development agenda was needed beyond 2015 – countries agreed in 2012 at Rio+20, the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, to establish an open working group to develop a set of sustainable development goals.

After more than a year of negotiations, the Open Working Group presented its recommendation for the 17 sustainable development goals. In early August 2015, the 193 member states of the United Nations reached consensus on the outcome document of the new agenda, “Transforming our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”.

There are 17 sustainable development goals with 169 targets. The complex challenges that exist in the world today demand that a wide range of issues is covered. The goals are broad in scope because they will address the interconnected elements of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection. The SDGs aim to achieve three extraordinary things in the next 15 years: End extreme poverty, Fight inequality & injustice, and Fix climate change.

» Open Working Group proposal for Sustainable Development Goals

» Report of the Open Working Group of the General Assembly on Sustainable Development Goals

UNSustainableDevelopmentGoals

» Sustainable Development Goals Factsheet

» Sustainable Development Goals Booklet (UNDP)

Building on the many successes of the past 15 years and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), world leaders have adopted a new set of goals, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which aim to end poverty and hunger by 2030. Recognizing the connection between people and planet, leaders have set goals for the land, the oceans and the waterways. That future is one where everybody has enough food, and can work, and where living on less than $1.25 a day is a thing of the past.

Summit Outcome Document

» Outcome document of the United Nations summit for the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda, 21 October 2015

Resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly on Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

This Agenda is a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity. It also seeks to strengthen universal peace in larger freedom. Eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions, including extreme poverty, is the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. All countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership, will implement this plan.

Reports and studies

Projecting progress: Reaching the SDGs by 2030 | ODI Development Progress, September 2015

This flagship report from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) offers a first systematic attempt to project progress across the full SDG agenda, showing where – if current trends continue – the world will be in 15 years’ time. The findings serve as a wake-up call on just how much more effort will be needed to reach the new goals. Gathering together the best available projections, we provide a ‘scorecard’ against 17 targets – one per goal. This shows that, without increased effort, none of the goals and examined targets will be met. The scorecard reveals how much faster progress will need to be, classing targets as needing ‘reform’, ‘revolution’ and ‘reversal’. [Download Annex]

Millennium Development Goal 8: Taking Stock of the Global Partnership for Development | MDG Gap Task Force Report 2015

As the international community is considering the structure and scope of a post-2015 development agenda, the final report of the MDG Gap Task Force has undertaken the responsibility of extracting lessons from its monitoring of Goal 8 that may be useful in monitoring the future global partnership for development.

The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015

As we reach the end of the MDG period, the world community has reason to celebrate. The data and analysis presented in this report prove that, with targeted interventions, sound strategies, adequate resources and political will, even the poorest countries can make dramatic and unprecedented progress. The report also acknowledges uneven achievements and shortfalls in many areas. The work is not complete, and it must continue in the new development era.

Global Sustainable Development Report 2015 (advance version)

The GSDR brings together a broad range of existing scientific assessments and reviews global progress and future sustainable development pathways in an integrated way, taking into account the perspectives of scientific communities across the globe. 2015 is a historic year. We are set to adopt an ambitious agenda that will move us towards a sustainable future for people and planet. But adopting the agenda is only the first step. Making it a reality will require work and dedication from all of us.

The DATA Report 2015: Putting the Poorest First

2015 is a year that will shape the course of history. A new set of Global Goals – the Sustainable Development Goals – will be launched in September, which will set out the path to a fairer, more prosperous world and an end to extreme poverty. But goals alone are not enough – they need a clear plan of action and the determination to deliver it, ONE Campaign says.

Millennium Development Goal 8: The State of the Global Partnership for Development | MDG Gap Task Force Report 2014

This report serves to review the experiences of recent years in pursuing a global partnership for development, focusing on the gap between commitments made and cooperation delivered, with the ultimate goal of helping the international community bridge the difference.

The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014

This report examines the latest progress towards achieving the MDGs. It reaffirms that the MDGs have made a profound difference in people’s lives. The concerted efforts of national governments, the international community, civil society and the private sector have helped expand hope and opportunity for people around the world. But more needs to be done to accelerate progress. We need bolder and focused action where significant gaps and disparities exist.

Accelerating Action: Global Leaders on Challenges and Opportunities for MDG Achievement

The MDGs have been the greatest anti-poverty push in history. Success will lay a solid foundation for a bold and ambitious post-2015 agenda that builds on the lessons learned from the MDGs and addresses the new challenges that have emerged or worsened since, including climate change and inequalities. The transition to sustainable development – enabled by the integration of economic growth, social justice and environmental stewardship – must be based on a commitment to eradicate extreme poverty as envisioned in the MDGs. This is an indispensable requirement – and a matter of basic justice and human rights.

Secretary-General Reports

Mainstreaming of the three dimensions of sustainable development throughout the United Nations system: Report of the Secretary-General, 30 March 2015

This report highlights the role of the sustainable development goals at the core of the post-2015 development agenda and their potential to inject new impetus for embracing integrated approaches to development and to marshal a range of existing policy tools and guidance for collaboration.

Strategic foresight for the post-2015 development agenda: Report of the Secretary-General, 23 February 2015

This report identifies, analyses and presents for discussion key issues concerning the role of strategic foresight for policymakers, particularly in developing countries.

The road to dignity by 2030: ending poverty, transforming all lives and protecting the planet | Synthesis report of the Secretary-General on the post-2015 sustainable development agenda, 4 December 2014

Drawing from the experience of two decades of development practice and from the inputs gathered through an open and inclusive process, the report charts a road map to achieve dignity in the next 15 years. The report proposes one universal and transformative agenda for sustainable development, underpinned by rights, and with people and the planet at the centre.

Trends and progress in international development cooperation: Report of the Secretary-General, 15 May 2014

This report provides a brief overview of the preparatory process for the biennial high-level meeting of the Development Cooperation Forum (July 2014) and the ways in which the process has underscored the need for a new narrative of development cooperation that fits the transformation envisaged in the emerging post-2015 development agenda.

Post-2015 Process

The process of arriving at the post-2015 development agenda has been member state-led with broad participation from major groups and other civil society stakeholders. This led to the representation of a wide range of interests and perspectives. In Africa, CSOs played an active role in coming up with the Common African Position on the post-2015 Development Agenda (CAP) providing them with full ownership of the process.

President’s Summaries of the High-level segment of the 2015 session of the Economic and Social Council and High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, 13 July 2015

In anticipation of the adoption of the post-2015 development agenda at the UN Summit in September 2015, the HLPF discussed how best to prepare for implementing the agenda and to shape its own work to promote and review the implementation of the agenda.

Strengthening integration and implementation: Role of sustainable development bodies after 2015, June 2015

Note prepared by the UN Economic Commission for Africa for the Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development, held from 17-18 June 2015 in Addis Ababa.

Discussion papers on the theme of the high-level political forum on sustainable development, submitted by major groups and other stakeholders, 27 May 2015

This document is a compilation of the written contributions of various major groups and other relevant stakeholders that have autonomously established and maintained effective coordination mechanisms for participation in the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development on the theme, “Strengthening integration, implementation and review: the high-level political forum on sustainable development after 2015”.

Technical report by the Bureau of the UNSC on the process of the development of an indicator framework for the goals and targets of the post-2015 development agenda, March 2015

This technical report is provided by the United Nations Statistical Commission (UNSC) in response to a special request by the Co-facilitators of the intergovernmental negotiations on the post-2015 development agenda for the development of a provisional proposal in relation to indicators for sustainable development goals and targets. The Commission, at its 46th session (3-6 March 2015), endorsed a roadmap for the development and implementation of a global indicator framework.

Report of the Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing, 15 August 2014

This report presents a “strategic approach” to the flow of funds from sources to uses and considers policy options to strengthen the four basic categories of financial resource mobilization available for financing sustainable development, namely, domestic public, domestic private, international public, and international private finance.

Outcome document of the special event to follow up efforts made towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals, October 2013

Heads of State and Government gathered at UN Headquarters in New York at the special event convened by the President of the General Assembly to review progress made towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and to chart the way forward. The leaders welcomed what has been achieved so far but expressed concern about unevenness and gaps in achievement and about the immense challenges that remain.

A new global partnership: Eradicate poverty and transform economies through sustainable development | The Report of the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, August 2013

The 13 years since the millennium have seen the fastest reduction in poverty in human history. Given this remarkable success, it would be a mistake to simply tear up the MDGs and start from scratch. As world leaders agreed at Rio in 2012, new goals and targets need to be grounded in respect for universal human rights, and finish the job that the MDGs started. Central to this is eradicating extreme poverty from the face of the earth by 2030. This is something that leaders have promised time and again throughout history. Today, it can actually be done. So a new development agenda should carry forward the spirit of the Millennium Declaration and the best of the MDGs, with a practical focus on things like poverty, hunger, water, sanitation, education and healthcare. But to fulfil our vision of promoting sustainable development, we must go beyond the MDGs.

Sustainable Development Agenda in Africa

MDG Report 2015: Assessing Progress in Africa Toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), September 2015

This year’s report highlights innovative policies and progammes which countries have adopted to accelerate progress on the MDGs. The report demonstrates that sustaining and advancing beyond the gains made under the MDGs require new approaches which embrace all three dimensions of sustainability – the environmental, economic and social. Progress under the SDGs will be assessed not only by the results achieved, but also by considering how they were achieved. Method will assume greater relevance in the post-2015 development paradigm.

Key Messages of the Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development as Africa’s collective input to the 2015 Meeting of the HLPF on Sustainable Development (advance unedited text), June 2015

The Africa Regional Forum on Sustainable Development was held from 17 to 18 June, 2015 Addis Ababa, bringing together high-level representatives of African member states together and relevant stakeholders. The main objective of the Forum was to enable African countries to deliberate and agree on Africa’s collective input in the form of key messages to the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development 2015. The agreed key messages are presented herein.

Africa Regional Report on the Sustainable Development Goals, February 2015

The present report is a summary of the Africa Regional Report on Sustainable Development Goals, prepared under the framework of the Africa Rio+20 follow-up, and the post-2015 development agenda consultative processes. It is based on information gathered from consultative processes that were carried out in the five subregions of Africa, and among a number of institutions supporting development in the region, supported by an extensive literature review.

Common African Position on the Post-2015 Development Agenda (CAP), March 2014

The CAP identifies substantive issues of importance to Africa and arrives at a consensus on Africa’s key priorities, concerns and strategies to be reflected in the outcomes of the post-2015 negotiation process. This was achieved by taking into account the wealth of information collected and collated from national and regional stakeholders (the executive and legislative arms of governments, private sector, civil society organizations, youth associations, women groups, trade unions, and academia) African multilateral institutions and selected pertinent UN organizations and agencies.

A Regional Perspective on the Post‐2015 United Nations Development Agenda, June 2013

The five Regional Commissions proposed a joint regional perspective on the ongoing global debate on the post-2015 development agenda. The key objective of this report is to identify key regional priority areas for a global development agenda from a regional perspective. It also underlines the need to adapt global goals to regional and national ones. While there are many commonalities among the regions, their different circumstances also call for a nuanced approach that addresses regional specificities within the global development agenda.

Reports of the UN System Task Team on the Post-2015 Development Agenda

Statistics and indicators for the post-2015 development agenda, July 2013

In January 2013, the UN System Task Team established a Working Group on Monitoring and Indicators to (a) analyze lessons learned from experience with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) monitoring framework, in close collaboration with the Inter-Agency and Expert Group on MDG Indicators (IAEG), and (b) develop recommendations on how the priorities identified in the Realizing the Future We Want for All report might be captured in the monitoring framework, with the objective of informing the formulation of the post-2015 development agenda on the design and criteria of numerical aspects of target setting, and the selection of robust monitoring indicators.

A renewed global partnership for development, March 2013

In this report, the United Nations Task Team Working Group on Strengthening the global partnership for development to support the implementation of a post-2015 development agenda formulates recommendations on desirable features of a renewed global partnership for development that are required for a successful post-2015 global development agenda.

Realizing the Future We Want for All, May 2012

The central challenge of the post-2015 UN development agenda is to ensure that globalization becomes a positive force for all the worlds’ peoples of present and future generations. Globalization offers great opportunities, but its benefits are at present very unevenly shared. Business as usual thus cannot be an option and transformative change is needed. As the challenges are highly interdependent, a new, more holistic approach is needed to address them. Accordingly, this first report prepared by the UN System Task Team makes several recommendations to support system-wide preparations for the post-2015 UN development agenda.

Additional resources

» The new UN Sustainable Development Goals and Regional Integration in Africa, tralac Discussion, September 2015

» Defining a new global development agenda – Sustainable Development Goals and Climate Change, tralac Trade Brief, September 2015

» From Ambition to Execution: Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals, IMF Staff Discussion Note, September 2015

» Non-Tariff Measures and Sustainable Development Goals: Direct and indirect linkages, UNCTAD Policy Brief, September 2015

» Trade and Climate Change Policy Beyond 2015, UNCTAD Policy Brief, September 2015

» Report on the Third International Conference on Financing for Development, Addis Ababa, 13-16 July 2015

» From Billions to Trillions: MDB Contributions to Financing for Development, July 2015

» An International Support Programme for Sustainable Investment Facilitation, E15 Task Force on Investment Policy Think Piece, July 2015

» A sustainable development review process, UNCTAD Post-2015 Policy Brief, June 2015

» The role of international trade in the post-2015 development agenda, Note by the UNCTAD Secretariat, February 2014