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2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27): Resources


2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27): Resources

2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27): Resources

COP27 in Sharm el-Sheikh to Focus on Delivering on the Promises of Paris

The United Nations Climate Change Conference COP27 closed on 20 November 2022, delivering a package of decisions that reaffirmed their commitment to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The package also strengthened action by countries to cut greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the inevitable impacts of climate change, as well as boosting the support of finance, technology and capacity building needed by developing countries.

Visit the official COP27 website for more info.


pdf Draft Text: COP27 overarching decision (18 November 2022) (138 KB)

pdf COP27 Sharm el Sheikh Implementation Plan | Advance unedited version (195 KB)

pdf Sharm El Sheikh Adaptation Agenda: The global transformations towards adaptive and resilient development (668 KB)

Guest article

pdf The Landscape of CO2 Emissions Across Africa: A Comparative Perspective (2.38 MB)
by Jaime de Melo and Jean-Marc Solleder

On this page

In the News

General news

Lessons from COP27: Enhance cooperation of Global South when developed countries continue to default duty

COP27 Reaches Breakthrough Agreement on New “Loss and Damage” Fund for Vulnerable Countries

COP27 draft leaves out pledge to phase down all fossil fuels

UN Climate Change High-Level Champions: Contribution of the ‘All of Society’ Global Climate Action Agenda at COP27

Government Ministers at COP27 Call for More Ambitious Climate Action

A Climate Smart, Sustainable and Resilient Maritime Sector: Joint Statement

DG Okonjo-Iweala: Trade is critical in global response to climate change

DG Okonjo-Iweala: World “cannot afford to leave trade and WTO behind” in climate actions

DG Okonjo-Iweala: Trade is essential part of climate action efforts to achieve food security

Plan to shield people from climate disasters unveiled at COP27

How climate-induced disasters are creating a new dynamic of migration

Climate Plans Remain Insufficient: More Ambitious Action Needed Now

Getting Back on Track to Net Zero: Three Critical Priorities for COP27

COP27 and Africa

Afreximbank asserts Africa’s common position at COP27

African perspectives on climate change research

Namibia Minister launches Conference Outcome at COP27 Africa Day event

Africa marks special day at COP27 with a resolve to tackle climate change relentlessly

CCDA-X Just Transitions: Outcome Statement

High-Level Forum on Financing Energy Transition in Africa at COP27

Afreximbank Pledges to help bridge Africa’s Climate finance gap

UN cancels African energy finance initiative over fraudster’s role

Global Leaders Rally Support and Finance for the Africa Adaptation Acceleration Program to Tackle Climate Change in Africa

UK Steps up climate adaptation finance support for Africa

African G20 seat to help push rich nations on climate pledges

New report: African countries face 34% GDP hit due to climate change even at 1.5ºC of global heating

Climate Change Damage in Africa Will Rise to U$415bn Annually By 2030

Africa: Helping Small Businesses Adapt to the Climate Crisis is Crucial for African Countries

Africa’s just transition demands a just formula guided by African priorities

African Union Launches Transforma Platform to Boost Clean Gas Use in Africa at COP 27

Can Africa power with renewables as it grows?

African and Global Partners Launch Multi-Billion Alliance for Green Infrastructure

The new scramble for Africa: turning the energy crisis into opportunity

Europe scrambles for African gas despite climate promises

Building resilience infrastructure to develop Africa

AAAP Chapter in the State and Trends Report

World Bank Announces New Blue Economy Financing Program for African Countries

Global leaders urged to scale up action on the Great Blue Wall Initiative

Leaders from Western Indian Ocean countries share progress on Great Blue Wall at COP27

Beyond $8.5bn: Rich countries commit more money for SA’s energy transition

South Africa’s ability to manage energy risks approaching a ‘tipping point’

Climate finance

Finance is the cornerstone for implementing climate actions and scaling up ambition and hence it has been at the heart of the UNFCCC process and the Paris Agreement negotiations. The Glasgow outcomes also reiterated the centrality of finance as a catalyst for progress on all aspects of the global climate agenda and many Parties demonstrated the political will to deliver on finance commitments.

Adaptation Fund Receives Over US$ 230 Million Mobilized in 2022 for the Most Climate-Vulnerable at COP27 in Egypt

COP27: Al-Sisi urges developed countries to commit to their financial pledges to developing nations

Developed nations backtracking on climate change mitigation commitments

DG joins world leaders in call to mobilize USD 12.5 billion for climate action in Africa

Funding hurdles expose countries’ reliance on climate-sensitive sectors

COP27: Why developing countries are not getting their climate finance

UN proposes list of projects worth $120 billion (19 in Africa)

DG joins world leaders in call to mobilize USD 12.5 billion for climate action in Africa

Germany commits €40 million to African Development Bank Group’s Climate Action Window initiative for fragile African states

Decarbonising international shipping: At COP 27, European Commission provides additional €10 million

Funding hurdles expose countries’ reliance on climate-sensitive sectors

More developed countries pledging money to loss and damage funding

Finance for climate action: scaling up investment for climate and development

COP27: $3.1 billion plan to achieve early warning systems for all by 2027

COP27: experts explore avenues to mobilize more robust financing for climate Action

$7bn announced for global food security

Aid for trade should be a catalyst for climate finance

Global Investment Trends Monitor, No. 43: Climate change investment affected by the energy crisis – Risk of a temporary slowdown

International Investment in Climate Change: Mitigation and Adaptation Trends and Policy Developments

DG Okonjo-Iweala: Make trade and investment a key part of delivering on climate action

Finance for climate action: Scaling up investment for climate and development - Report of the Independent High-Level Expert Group on Climate Finance

Countries pledge added support to GEF funds for urgent climate adaptation

A fair share of climate finance: An appraisal of past performance, future pledges and prospective contributors (ODI)

Call for North Sea oil and gas giants to pay ‘meaningful’ climate reparations

The US announced its Energy Transition Accelerator Initiative to unlock climate finance for developing countries

China willing to contribute to loss and damage

Beyond $8.5bn: Rich countries commit more money for SA’s energy transition


2022 witnesses several landmark science reports from IPCC, UNEP, and other institutions. Ocean science as well as outcomes from Oceans conferences including the 3rd UN Oceans conference are gaining relevance and linkages to the global climate agenda are evident. The science related to the UNCCD and UNCBD, together with Stockholm+50, are also clearly relevant and interlinked with the climate action agenda.

pdf 10 New Insights in Climate Science 2022 (7.56 MB)

At COP27 Scientists Warn against Limits of Adaptation

Review: ‘Emissions Gap Report-2022’ Finds the International Community is Falling Far Short of the Paris Goals

COP27: New industry framework to measure sustainability of trade transactions

Report: The collective energy transition ambition to date is not enough

Sharp rise in fossil fuel industry delegates at climate summit

COP27: ‘Zero tolerance for greenwashing’, Guterres says as new report cracks down on empty net-zero pledges

A climate-smart, sustainable and resilient maritime sector

The Climate TRACE platform, an online inventory showing the geographical location of greenhouse gas emissions, was launched by Al Gore

Minimising Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Petroleum Sector: The Opportunity for Emerging Producers

Ensuring a sustainable supply of critical raw materials is essential for achieving low-carbon energy transition

Share of emissions covered by carbon prices is rising, OECD data shows

COP27: ‘Zero tolerance for greenwashing’, Guterres says as new report cracks down on empty net-zero pledges

Youth & Future Generations

Ensuring that the voice, perspectives and concerns of Youth and Future Generations is heard loud and clear is one of the objectives of the CoP27 Presidency.

Perspectives From African Youth Working Tirelessly For Climate Mitigation

‘Our futures are being stolen!’ Youth activists tell COP27 negotiators it’s past time to tackle ‘loss and damage’

COP27 Youth and Future Generation Day Ensures Younger Voices Have Seat at the Table


Since the adoption of the Paris Agreement and all the way to Glasgow in 2021, several energy intensive sectors and companies have come forward with plans and policies and actions aiming to reduce their carbon footprints and to gradually move towards decarbonization. Technologies are emerging as potential solutions to reduce carbon in the atmosphere.

‘Fossil fuels are a dead end’, says top UN climate adviser on ‘Decarbonization Day’ at COP27

Gas utilities look to hydrogen, renewables integration while facing ‘existential threat’ of decarbonization

Making good on the Glasgow Climate Pact: a call to action to achieve one gigaton of emissions reductions from forests by 2025

WTO joins call for greener markets and trade logistics to promote low-carbon transition

Adaptation & Agriculture

Adaptation and Resilience are of crucial importance to all parties and in particular developing countries. IPCC reports including the latest working group II report highlighted the devastating impacts endured by many countries across the world, and pointed to the fact that we are not on track to deal with current climate impacts nor are we prepared for the extreme weather events that are increasing in number and intensity.

Adapting to a Changing Climate: How Trade and Trade Policy Can Make a Difference

Which weather characteristics affect agricultural and food trade the most?

Adapt or starve: COP27 spotlights agriculture challenges and solutions in the face of climate change

Climate-hit nations have little time to fix food supply, UN says

Sustainable food cold chains reduce waste, fight climate change: UN report

Global Fertiliser Markets and Policies: A Joint FAO/WTO Mapping Exercise

Initiative on climate action and nutrition (I-CAN)


The role of women in dealing with all aspects of the climate change challenge is central, crucial and indispensable. Women continue to bear a disproportionate burden from the adverse impacts of climate change, and despite some progress having been made over recent years, the gender perspective needs further work to be fully integrated into the processes of formulating and implementing policies and actions on the ground.

Youth and women must be involved in climate action

On Gender Day African Development Bank rallies global support for women to build climate resilience


Water is the source of life and livelihoods. Climate impacts on water and the linkages to wider, cross cutting impacts on development and livelihoods are well documented and substantiated by credible scientific reports and analyses including most recently by the IPCC and numerous other institutions.

COP27 Presidency Launches AWARe Initiative to Address Water Security as Part of Climate Change Adaptation

Ace & Civil Society

Climate action requires engagement with, and contributions from all stakeholders. Needless to say, Civil Society is an indispensable partner in the global effort to combat climate change. With this in mind CoP27 will hold a dedicated day to engage Civil Society and to ensure their views and perspectives are integrated in a meaningful manner. Participants will have a platform for sharing best practices and identifying challenges, as well as networking and developing multi-stakeholder partnership opportunities, it will showcase the role and contribution of civil society in this area and across the board in different forms of climate action and policy response.

Empowerment of Civil Society Tops COP27 Agenda


Renewable energy, smart grids, energy efficiency, energy storage and a just transition in the energy sector are all elements of a much needed comprehensive vision of how energy ecosystems could evolve to in the near future. They are also components of a transformative energy future, challenges and opportunities for just energy transition.

All aspects of energy and climate change, including renewable energy, energy transformation, and a just transition in the energy sector, and Green hydrogen are all a potential energy source for the future.

New Report Warns World of Huge Untapped Renewable Energy Potential

A just green transition: concepts and practice so far

Climate Change and Development: Expert Views on Achieving a Just Transition

Energy crisis puts global climate measures to the test

Climate Actions and Africa’s Responses for a Just and Sustainable Transition

Oil and gas industry presence looms over U.N. COP27 climate talks

Keep the 1.5°C goal alive, experts and civil society urge on ‘Energy Day’ at COP27


Nature and ecosystem-based solutions to address the impacts of climate change on biodiversity are an important component of mitigation and adaptation to the effects of climate change on the environment. The means to mobilise global actions towards halting biodiversity loss and reducing the impacts of climate change and pollution, as well as addressing the impact of climate change on oceans, endangered species, coral reefs, and sustainability of protected areas are required to deliver ecosystem services to human, impacts of plastic waste on the aquatic ecosystems and species, ecosystem-based solutions and their link to climate change mitigation and adaptation.

Protecting biodiversity is protecting the Paris Agreement

COP27 Presidency Connects Climate and Biodiversity


Possible solutions for the broad array of climate change challenges range from the holistic, cross cutting solutions such as greening of national budgets, or sustainable cities, multilevel action and sustainable transport, to sectoral solutions like waste management, alternatives to plastic, resilient infrastructure, green building with an aim to achieve a transformative implementation building on agreed deliverables under different agreements and a further ambitious pledge to reduce climate impacts and consider the role of cities in combating climate change. Sustainable transport, is another key sector that provides direct and cross cutting impact on climate change, pollution, quality of living and efficiency, in this regard it is important to highlight potentials for this sector, success stories and available opportunities.

Focus on Solutions Concludes COP27’s Thematic Days Program


pdf Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability - Summary for Policymakers (1.33 MB)

pdf Climate Change 2022: Mitigation of Climate Change - Summary for policymakers (2.06 MB)

The Race To Net-Zero: Is the global business community on course to beat the clock? - Baker McKenzie

pdf Yearbook of Global Climate Action 2022: Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action - UNFCCC (13.76 MB)

pdf Fifth Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows: Summary and recommendations - UNFCCC (387 KB)

pdf Integrity Matters: Net Zero Commitments by Businesses, Financial Institutions, Cities and Regions - Report From the United Nations’ High-Level Expert Group on The Net Zero Emissions Commitments of Non-State Entities (6.35 MB)

pdf International Investment in Climate Change: Mitigation and Adaptation Trends and Policy Developments - UNCTAD (2.24 MB)

pdf A Climate Smart, Sustainable and Resilient Maritime Sector: Joint Statement - November 2022 (505 KB)

pdf World Trade Report 2022: Climate change and international trade - WTO (2.62 MB)

pdf Getting on Track to Net Zero: Accelerating a Global Just Transition in This Decade - IMF (1.67 MB)

pdf Emissions Gap Report 2022: The Closing Window – Climate crisis calls for rapid transformation of societies - UNEP (10.06 MB)

pdf Adaptation Gap Report 2022: Too Little, Too Slow – Climate adaptation failure puts world at risk - UNEP (9.22 MB)

pdf WMO Provisional State of the Global Climate 2022 (2.09 MB)

pdf Climate and Development: An Agenda for Action – Emerging Insights from World Bank Group 2021-22 Country Climate and Development Reports (4.17 MB)

pdf The low-carbon transition and its daunting implications for structural transformation: Overview - UNCTAD Least Developed Countries Report 2022 (784 KB)

pdf Finance for climate action: Scaling up investment for climate and development - Report of the Independent High-Level Expert Group on Climate Finance (1.78 MB)

pdf Financing clean energy transitions in emerging and developing economies - IEA World Energy Investment 2021 Special Report (8.00 MB)

pdf Renewable energy targets in 2022: A guide to design - IRENA (7.01 MB)

pdf Making good on the Glasgow Climate Pact: a call to action to achieve one gigaton of emissions reductions from forests by 2025 - UNEP (7.14 MB)

pdf A fair share of climate finance: An appraisal of past performance, future pledges and prospective contributors - ODI (4.79 MB)

pdf Gender Integration for Climate Action: A Review of Commonwealth Member Country NDCs - Technical Report, Second Edition - The Commonwealth (714 KB)

pdf Minimising Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Petroleum Sector: The Opportunity for Emerging Producers - AfDB (1.46 MB)

pdf Initiative on climate action and nutrition (I-CAN) (501 KB)

pdf The cost to Africa: drastic economic damage from climate change - Christian Aid (3.38 MB)

pdf COP27: Six-Point Action Agenda for Realizing Sharm El Sheikh as an African COP27 For Africa (1.76 MB)

tralac resources

Trade-related Outcomes From the UN Biodiversity Conference (COP15)

Did COP 27 really fail? Reflections on the climate summit

COP27 outcomes – a reality check

5 Key Developments from COP27

A Promising Start to COP27: Climate Change Loss and Damage Makes it onto the Agenda

Climate change, trade, and food security in Africa

The African Union Releases the Continent’s First Collective Climate Response Framework

Climate Change Impacts, Adaption and Vulnerability in Africa: Key Findings in the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report

Downbeat start to funding South Africa’s carbon transition

Floating LNG vessels in Africa: Africa’s gas future is floating offshore

Developments in the European Union’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism Regulations and What they Mean for Vulnerable Third Countries

Was Glasgow a Cop Out?


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