South African President Cyril Ramaphosa’s first State Visit to India
President Cyril Ramaphosa, during his media remarks on 25 January 2019 following his first State Visit to India as President of the Republic of South Africa, said that fruitful talks aimed at deepening the bilateral cooperation between South Africa and India were held.
“During our deliberations, the Prime Minister and I were in agreement that considerable scope exists for our two countries to grow our bilateral economic relationship.
“While trade has increased significantly over the last few years, and India is currently our second largest trading partner in Asia, there are a number of areas of future cooperation. These include agro-processed goods, defence procurement, mining equipment and technology and cooperation in the financial services sector.
“During our talks we also reviewed the existing cordial bilateral relations between South Africa and India, as well as the close cooperation within a number of multilateral groupings including BRICS, IBSA, the Indian Ocean Rim Association and the G20.
“In order to ensure concrete deliverables the Prime Minister and I concluded this morning a Three Year Strategic Programme of Cooperation aimed at deepening the bilateral engagement between India and South Africa and ensuring that a result-orientated partnership benefits the people of both countries.
“We have instructed our Ministers and officials to commence immediate implementation of this Programme to take our bilateral relationship to a new level.”
Gandhi Mandela Freedom Lecture
President Ramaphosa delivered the first India-Brazil-South Africa Gandhi Mandela Freedom Lecture during his State Visit to India on Friday.
“Since the end of apartheid in 1994, India and South Africa have had close political, cultural, trade and strategic ties. This cooperation has been further deepened since South Africa joined the BRICS group in 2010,” he said.
“Today’s lecture pays tribute to the life and times of two of the greatest leaders and statesmen of their generations, and perhaps of all time. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, fondly known as Gandhiji, and Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, known to all as Madiba. Their legacies go far beyond their stature as the founding fathers of our two great independent nations, India and South Africa.”
On global issues and cooperation, President Ramaphosa stated: “As we take up our non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council, South Africa is acutely aware of the responsibility we have been entrusted with. In Madiba’s honour, we have chosen for our term the theme: ‘continuing the legacy: Working for a Just and Peaceful world’.”
“The African Union’s Agenda 2063 aspires to an end of conflict and the silencing of the guns on the continent by 2020. Serving on the UN Security Council affords us the opportunity to meaningfully contribute towards this goal.
“We are determined to ensure that Africa is not relegated to the periphery of world affairs. We will advance our foreign policy in a manner that champions the interests of Africa and her peoples.
“Through our cooperation on a range of platforms such as BRICS, IBSA, the Indian Ocean Rim Association, the G20, the G77 plus China and the Non-Aligned Movement, we will continue to work together in pursuit of a world free of poverty.
“The India-Brazil-South Africa Dialogue Forum in particular is a practical expression of our shared values of democracy, justice, human rights, and good governance. It prioritises inclusiveness, human development, peace, transparency, social justice and equity.
“As like-minded emerging economies we recognise that we have a collective role to play in addressing and correcting the imbalances in the global economy.
“As South Africa, we look forward to deepening our relations with India through stronger commercial and people-to-people ties. We need to focus on growing our trade, increasing investments in each other’s economies.
“We can be proud of the road our two countries have traversed; two sister countries separated by an ocean, but bound by history, by the collective energies of our people, and by the deep friendship and respect we hold for each other.”
South Africa-India Business Forum
Speaking at the South Africa-India Business Forum held in Delhi, India on 25 January 2019, President Ramaphosa said the two countries have worked to transform their relationship forged in struggle into a partnership for peace and economic prosperity, but more needs to be done.
The President urged the two countries to strive to forge a developmental path paved with pragmatism and a renewed sense of purpose as the challenges now faced by both countries have become greater and more complex.
He also touched on trade relations, the investment relationship, untapped opportunities between the two countries, and South African companies in India. Below are his full remarks.
Remarks by President Cyril Ramaphosa
“Thank you for giving me the opportunity to address this important forum, which brings together business people who are committed to the economic growth and development of our two countries.
South Africa and India have a partnership that spans over two centuries, dating as far back as the 1800s.
Ours is a relationship embedded in the history of shared struggle and common colonial subjugation.
This partnership is now anchored in common values and a shared vision of social and economic emancipation for all our people.
In the two decades since the first visit to India by President Nelson Mandela, our countries have worked to transform a relationship forged in struggle into a partnership for peace and economic prosperity.
The commitment to achieve this goal is articulated in the Red Fort Declaration on Strategic Partnership between our two countries.
In reference to the significance of this Declaration, President Nelson Mandela said:
“The Red Fort Declaration serves as a clarion call for the developing world to mobilise resources in support of a new agenda aimed at economic development and growth, harmony and unity amongst nations of the South.”
It was a vision that recognised the interdependence and common destiny of the countries on the periphery of global economic activity.
This call to action is as relevant today as it was when it was signed 22 years ago.
We can be pleased that we have made inroads in creating a place for countries of the global south in the international community.
Today, India and South Africa cooperate in multilateral formations such as BRICS, IBSA, G20 the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation.
As we enter a new era of this partnership, we should strive to forge a developmental path paved with pragmatism and a renewed sense of purpose, because the challenges we face have become greater and more complex.
We continue to face great levels of poverty, inequality and unemployment, particularly among women and the youth.
We are confronted with significant changes brought about by the Fourth Industrial Revolution.
We have to contend with rapid environmental changes, which threaten our biodiversity and agricultural production.
We have to increase our production capacity while taking into account the changing and increasingly unstable nature of the international trading environment.
However, while these rapid changes create challenges, we must not be blinded to the opportunities that lie behind and in the midst of such difficulties.
There remain many unexplored opportunities that can propel us to a better tomorrow.
South Africa and India have complementarities and comparative advantages which can be exploited for mutual benefit, particularly in trade, investment, technical exchanges in information and communications technology, and skills development.
India is an important destination for South African exports and is our fifth largest global market for goods.
I am pleased to note the steady increase in trade between our respective countries from R80 billion to R107 billion over a five-year period from 2013 to 2017.
This progress is the result of the broadening of economic space for bilateral trade, increased competitiveness in our respective industries, and our strategic cooperation in fora such as BRICS, which have targeted programmes for increasing trade and investment.
I welcome the current initiatives by our respective ministers of trade to increase bilateral trade and to explore sector-specific collaboration to boost our manufacturing and trade relations – with an emphasis on increasing trade in value added goods and services.
South Africa’s investment relationship with India has also deepened, with more than 150 Indian firms operating in South Africa.
Companies such as Tata, Cipla and Mahindra have found a home in South Africa.
We recognise and appreciate Vedanta Resources’ investment of $1.6 billion in the Gamsberg Zinc mine in the Northern Cape province, of which $400 million has already been spent.
This investment by Vedanta has triggered a new wave of industrial and economic development in that part of our country.
Untapped opportunities still remain in sectors such as agriculture and agro-processing, automotive, pharmaceutical, aerospace and defence industries, infrastructure, energy, ICT, electronics, metals and mining, creative industries and the ocean economy.
We successfully hosted the inaugural South Africa Investment Conference last year and are heartened by the commitment shown to South Africa’s development by companies from India and elsewhere.
As government we are cognisant of the need to intensify our efforts to create an enabling environment for business to thrive.
To this end, we have finalised a new Mining Charter and have provided a detailed plan on the country’s future energy requirements.
We have also signed a number of renewable energy supply agreements to address challenges in a sector that is critical for our economy’s growth.
We are taking policy certainty and consistency very seriously and we act decisively and with speed whenever concerns are raised about these.
We remain steadfast in our commitment to attain the goals set out in Africa’s socio-economic developmental blue print, Agenda 2063.
Africa is a continent of opportunity.
We are therefore encouraged by India’s commitment to the development of the African continent though the India-Africa Forum.
This forum must embolden Indian companies to form partnerships with South Africa’s financial institutions and the private sector to jointly collaborate on projects that can build Africa’s productive capacity and infrastructure.
We recently hosted the Africa Investment Forum, championed by the Africa Development Bank to raise capital and accelerate investment to transform Africa’s economic, agricultural and industrial sectors.
The outcome of this Forum was a portfolio of investment projects throughout the African continent that are ready for partnerships with global investors, including those from India.
We have also signed the agreement on the African Continental Free Trade Area, which will promote intra-Africa trade and create larger economies of scale, a bigger market and improve the continent’s prospects to attract investment.
It is our desire to see Indian companies that are investing in South Africa also benefiting from the vast opportunities that this agreement will bring.
We recognise and appreciate the reforms undertaken by India on improving the investment environment, which will encourage more South African companies to enter the Indian market.
We currently have 29 South African companies invested in India and wish to double this number in the coming years.
South African firms with a presence in India include Sanlam, Life Healthcare, Momentum, Airports Company of South Africa, First Rand Bank, Old Mutual, and Naspers, among others.
I have brought with me, as part of my delegation, a cross-section of South African companies that are looking for new investment opportunities in India.
This is in line with the policy decision we took during the BRICS Summit held in South Africa in 2018 to pursue investment-led trade amongst the BRICS member countries.
Trade that is led by investments is where our future growth lies.
Where our investments go, our exports follow in the form of capital equipment, agro-processed goods and ICT services, among other.
I am very pleased with the outcomes of the deliberations held today between our respective business people and am looking forward to announcements of South African investments in India as I am looking forward to new and further Indian investments in South Africa.
Let us take these commitments forward to build a prosperous South Africa and a prosperous India with opportunities for all our people.
I thank you.”