News Archive April 2015

Communiqué of the Extraordinary Meeting of the SADC Summit of Heads of State & Government

1. An Extraordinary Summit of the Heads of State and Government of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) was held in Harare, Republic of Zimbabwe on 29th April 2015 and considered the SADC Industrialisation Strategy and Roadmap as decided by the 34th Ordinary Summit held in August 2014 in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe.

2. The Strategy and Roadmap operationalises the theme of the 34th Summit: “SADC Strategy for Economic Transformation: Leveraging the Region’s Diverse Resources for Sustainable, Economic and Social Development through Beneficiation and Value Addition”.

3. The Extraordinary Summit was attended by the following Heads of State and Government and or their representatives:

Botswana : H.E. President Lt. Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama

Lesotho : Rt. Hon. Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili

Madagascar : HE. President Hery Rajaonarimampianina

Mozambique : H.E. President Filipe Jacinto Nyusi

Namibia : H.E. President Dr. Hage Geingob

South Africa : H.E. President Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma

Swaziland : H.M. King Mswati III

Zambia : H.E. President Edgar Lungu

Zimbabwe : H.E. President Robert Mugabe

United Republic of Tanzania : H.E. Vice President Dr. Mohamed Gharib Bilal

Angola : Hon. George Rebelo Pinto Chikoti, Minister of External Relations

DRC : Hon. Raymond Tshibanda N´Tungamulongo, Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Francophonie

Malawi : Hon. Dr. George T. Chaponda, M.P., Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Co-operation

Seychelles : Hon. Vincent Meriton, Designated Minister for Social Affairs, Community Development and Sports

Mauritius : Ambassador Mrs Usha Dwarka-Canabady, Acting Secretary for Foreign Affairs and SADC National Contact Point

4. The Extraordinary Summit was also attended by SADC Executive Secretary, H.E. Dr. Stergomena Lawrence Tax.

5. H.E. Robert Gabriel Mugabe, President of the Republic of Zimbabwe, SADC Chairperson and host of the Extraordinary Summit welcomed the SADC Heads of State and Government and other delegates to the Republic of Zimbabwe. Opening the Summit, President Mugabe applauded the collective resolve by SADC to the industrialization of the region. He underscored the critical importance of beneficiating and adding value to the abundant resources of the region in the quest for socio-economic development and poverty eradication among the people of the region.

6. Summit commended the people and governments of Six (6) SADC Member States namely Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, Mauritius, Zambia and Lesotho for holding peaceful, free, fair and credible elections.

7. Summit congratulated Their Excellencies, President Lt. Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama of Botswana, Rt. Hon. Prime Minister, Anerood Jugnauth of Mauritius, President Filipe Jacinto Nyusi of Mozambique, President Edgar Lungu of Zambia, President Dr. Hage Geingob of Namibia and Rt. Hon. Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili of Lesotho for emerging victorious in the elections held in their respective countries.

8. Summit witnessed the handing over, by the President of the Republic of Zimbabwe, His Excellency Robert Gabriel Mugabe, of the Regional Peacekeeping Training Centre, a facility established in Zimbabwe to harmonize peacekeeping training in the SADC region. In her acceptance speech, the SADC Executive Secretary, Dr. Stergomena Lawrence Tax, thanked the Republic of Zimbabwe for the generosity of donating the Centre to SADC as it plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of peace, security and political stability in the region, which are prerequisites for development.

9. Summit approved the SADC Industrialisation Strategy and Roadmap and reaffirmed the importance of industrial development in poverty alleviation and the economic emancipation of the people of the region.

10. The SADC Industrialisation Strategy is anchored on three pillars, namely, Industrialisation, Competitiveness and Regional Integration, and premised on a three-phase long perspective covering 2015 – 2063. The Industrialisation Strategy is aligned to the Continental Vision, Agenda 2063, a global strategy aimed at optimising the use of Africa’s resources for the benefit of all Africans.

11. Summit underscored the critical importance of infrastructure in support of industrilisation and the need to explore appropriate funding mechanisms to support the implementation of the Industrialisation Strategy.

12. Summit directed the Secretariat to finalise the development of a costed Action Plan to facilitate the urgent implementation of the Industrialisation Strategy and Roadmap.

13. Summit directed that the industrialization strategy be accorded top priority in the implementation of the Revised RISDP (2015 – 2020).

14. The Summit commended the Council of Ministers, the Ministerial Task Force on Regional Economic Integration, the Experts and the SADC Secretariat for an excellent job in finalizing the Industrialisation Strategy in record time.

15. Summit approved the Revised Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (2015 – 2020) that will guide the implementation of SADC programmes in the next five years, with four major priority areas, namely, Industrial Development and Market Integration; Infrastructure in Support of Regional Integration; Peace and Security Cooperation as a prerequisite or regional integration and Special Programmes of regional dimension.

16. Summit noted progress on the COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite initiative and the launch of the Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) by the Tripartite Summit, which is scheduled to take place in June 2015. In this regard, Summit noted the draft Declaration Launching Phase II Negotiations for the TFTA and endorsed the principles to guide SADC in the finalisation of the Declaration.

17. Summit noted progress on the Tripartite Industrialisation Pillar and urged SADC, COMESA and EAC to urgently finalise the Roadmap and programme of work on Industrialisation.

18. Summit also noted the state of preparedness for the launch of the negotiations for the Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) and adopted a common SADC position on industrialisation within the context of the CFTA negotiations.

19. Summit conveyed heartfelt condolences to the family, the people and Government of the United Republic of Tanzania, on the death of Brigadier General Ambassador Hashim Mbita (Rtd), former Secretary General of the then Organisation of African Unity Liberation Committee, during which he immensely contributed towards the liberation of the SADC Region in particular, and Africa in general.

20. H.E. President Jacob Zuma of the Republic of South Africa briefed Summit on the recent attacks against foreign citizens, including those from SADC Member States that occurred in parts of Durban and Johannesburg communities of South Africa. While condemning the attacks, Summit commended the measures that the Government of South Africa has put in place and resolved to work together to deal with the situation and ensure it does not recur.

21. H.E. Hery RAJAONARIMAMPIANINA, President of the Republic of Madagascar made a report on the national reconciliation process in Madagascar. The Summit noted the efforts accomplished by the President and encourages him to continue the progress in favor of the ongoing process. He also recognized the support of SADC and the international community in crisis resolution process.

22. The Extraordinary Summit was officially closed by the SADC Chairperson, H.E. President Robert Gabriel Mugabe of the Republic of Zimbabwe.

23. Summit expressed its appreciation to the Government and people of Zimbabwe for hosting the Summit and for the warm hospitality extended to all the delegates.

DONE AT HARARE, ZIMBABWE

APRIL 29, 2015

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Trade volumes soar in African ports despite challenges, says report

A new report has described African ports especially those in West Africa as the least efficient globally. However, the report explained that trade volume is on the increase despite the challenges.

According to the report, how to best serve the region is a daily dilemma for shipping lines, adding that CMA CGM subsidiary recently announced an “emergency port congestion” surcharge for Doula, Cameroon to be implemented on May 1, 2015.

“Despite modest gains reported in the first three months of 2015, overall reliability to and from the (African) continent is still far from optimal,” said the co-author of the study, Victor Shieh.

Shieh noted that with container shipping lines deploying much bigger ships on services from Asia, quay and landside congestion at African ports is a massive challenge for the industry.

The report explained that even the planned new terminals at Abidjan, Tema, Lome and Lagos, “which are forecast to add up to 12 million Twenty foot Equivalent Units (TEU) of quayside capacity, will only improve reliability if there is land-based infrastructure growth as well”.

According to the London Loadstar, West Africa’s ports are almost entirely dependent on roads to remove containers, “so it follows that the bigger the ships, the more severely landside congestion will affect nearby cities”.

It explained that vessels of 5,000 TEU or more account for more than 20 per cent of tonnage deployed between Asia and West Africa, and “MSC has even introduced an 8,500-TEU ship on its Africa Express Service that hubs at Lome, Togo”.

For the year 2014, the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) recorded a cargo throughput of 86,603,903 metric tonnes of cargo, an increase of 12.64%, 6 per cent over the 2013 figure of 76,886,997 metric tonnes.

Reacting to the result, recently, Managing Director of NPA, Habib Abdullahi said within the year, management continued to pay attention to first and foremost improving existing port infrastructure in the areas of rehabilitation of port quay walls and apron, deepening of channels, upgrading of common user facilities and wreck removal from channels.

A statement issued by the Assistant General Manager (Public Relations) Iliya Musa explained that the LNG shipment topped the figure with 21,679,330 metric tons, indicating an increase of 12.1% over 19,341,663 metric tons in 2013. According to IIiya, General Cargo trade also showed strong growth as it recorded 14,502,263 metric tons, an increase of 21.2% over 11,964,978 metric tons in 2013 while Dry Bulk stood at 9,843,199 metric tons, showing an increase of 3.2% over 9,537,442 metric tons achieved in 2013, the statement said. Refined Petroleum was 20,736,699 metric tons, an increase of 6.8% over 19,416,043 metric tons in 2013.

Laden Container Throughput was 1,063,380 TEUs, a growth of 5.2% over 1,010,836 TEUs in 2013. Empty Container Throughput was 790,586 TEUs, an increase of 10.3% over 717,011 TEUs in 2013.This shows that Nigeria remains a significant hub of containerized goods in the West and Central Africa.

Crude Oil shipment stood at 107,880,239 metric tons, an increase of 0.2% over 107,686,011 metric tons in 2013. Also, the total of 5,541, oceans going vessels with a total Gross Registered Tonnage (GRT) of 147,852,920 gross tons called at Nigerian Ports.

In the period under review, Lagos Port Complex (LPC) recorded a Gross registered tonnage of 36,969,456, showing an increase of 7.2 per cent over 34,466,291 gross tons achieved in the same period of 2013.

Tin can Island Port recorded a Gross registered tonnage of 50,011,289, indicating 17 per cent increase over the corresponding period of 2013 which was 42,758,161 gross tons. Calabar Port complex recorded a total GRT of 4,085,903 showing an increase of 46.3 per cent compare with 2,792,488 gross tons recorded in 2013.

Rivers Port complex recorded a total Gross registered tonnage of 7,304,591, representing 14.2per cent growth over 6,394,270 gross tons achieved in the corresponding period of 2013. Onne Port complex recorded a GRT of 41,854,687, reflecting an increase of 7.4 per cent over 38,967,131 gross tons recorded in the corresponding period of 2013.

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UNCTAD calls on Investment Promotion Agencies to act on sustainable development at G20 conference in Istanbul

UNCTAD Secretary-General Mukhisa Kituyi has called on investment promotion agencies (IPAs) to do more to attract investment for sustainable development.

Speaking at the 20th anniversary of the World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies (WAIPA), in Istanbul, Turkey on 27 April 2015, Dr. Kituyi said it was important for countries to prepare and promote bankable projects in sustainable development sectors.

He also focused on the importance of facilitating business linkages and the creation of partnerships that can lead to the development of SDG incubators and special economic zones.

Later this year global leaders will meet in New York to hammer out an agreement on ending poverty, disease and environmental degradation, known as the sustainable development goals, or SDGs.

UNCTAD has already calculated a major shortfall in financing needed to meet the SDGs in developing economies, estimated to be around $2.5 trillion per year between now and 2030.

Also speaking at the two day-meeting, which was held as part of Turkey’s presidency this year of the G20 group of countries, Deputy Prime Minister Ali Babacan of Turkey praised WAIPA and the work of IPAs as engines for economic development through the promotion and facilitation of investment.

Mr. Babacan restated the G20’s desire to establish a global forum for small and medium-sized enterprises. UNCTAD representatives at the meeting expressed its support for this initiative.

WAIPA is based in Istanbul and has a membership of 170 national and subnational IPAs from 130 countries.

The agreement to establish WAIPA was reached in April 1995 during an UNCTAD meeting of IPAs in Geneva.

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Namibia backs regional parliament

Speaker of the National Assembly Professor Peter Katjavivi has revealed Namibia fully supports efforts to transform the SADC Parliamentary Forum (SADC-PF) into a SADC Regional Parliament.

Katjavivi revealed Namibia’s stance on the planned SADC regional parliament when he recently confered with the Secretary General of SADC-PF, Dr Esau Chiviya, who led SADC-PF directors and managers on a courtesy call at the Speaker’s chambers.

Describing himself as “a converted” man with respect to the genesis and aspirations of SADC-PF, Katjavivi said Namibia was with those seeking the transformation of the forum in keeping with its founding objectives.

“You are speaking to the converted. I share the vision (of a transformed SADC-PF) and am particularly interested in the path that you have charted and the groups that you have formed to convince our leaders,” Katjavivi said.

He told his guests efforts to transform SADC-PF were intensifying and “music” to his ears.

Earlier, Chiviya had briefed Katjavivi on the initial objectives, success, challenges and aspirations of the SADC-PF. Additionally the SG outlined steps that the SADC-PF had taken as it prepared for the transformation into a SADC Regional Parliament.

The steps included requesting a meeting of SADC Speakers with the Chairperson of SADC to present the case, establishing lobbying teams, making contact with the SADC executive secretary and preparing a lobbying document for SADC heads of state and government, the Council of Ministers and the SADC Secretariat.

Why a SADC Regional Parliament?

Chiviya said a SADC Regional Parliament was needed because as things stand the SADC region has only two instead of three arms of government, namely, the executive based in Gaborone and the SADC Tribunal based in Windhoek but which is currently suspended.

“The third arm – the legislature – is missing. There is, therefore, need for a SADC Regional Parliament to complete the three arms of SADC as a community,” Chiviya expounded.

He said in the establishment of SADC PF in 1997, SADC PF was viewed as a forerunner to the SADC Regional Parliament.

He said 11 SADC member parliaments rallied behind the transformation of SADC-PF into a Regional Parliament by debating and passing motions to that effect.

What a SADC parliament would do

He explained a SADC regional parliament would facilitate the ratification, domestication and implementation of SADC Protocols.

“There are over 33 protocols that our heads of state and government have passed. However, less than a third of them has been implemented,” he noted.

Accordingly, Chiviya said that a SADC regional parliament would enhance the capacity of SADC to implement its policies and programmes.

“It would also enact model regional laws on issues that cut across national boundaries such as those related to the environment, the movement of people, shared water courses, trade, gender equality and transport.”

At what, whose cost?

Over the years, some stakeholders have sought clarity on the financial implications of the envisaged SADC Regional Parliament. Chiviya explained that it would come at no additional cost to member states given that the current SADC-PF Secretariat in Windhoek would serve as the Secretariat of the SADC Regional Parliament. The SADC Regional Parliament would hold its sessions on a rotational basis in member parliaments in accordance with current practice. Also, its office-bearers would not be full-time but would be presiding officers of national parliaments while its financing would be based on the current model of equal contribution from member parliaments. The headquarters of a SADC Regional Parliament would continue to be in Namibia.

Going forward

A noticeably excited Katjavivi commended Chiviya for providing a “comprehensive briefing” and revealed that Namibia had taken a decision to hand over the current National Assembly building to SADC-PF once it becomes a SADC Regional Parliament.

“You have demonstrated a very good sense of sensitivity to financial implications of this transformation,” he said.

He however advised SADC-PF to continue working closely with stakeholders including the media to explain the benefits that would accrue from transforming SADC- PF into a SADC Regional Parliament.

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Namibia backs regional parliament

30 Apr 2015
Speaker of the National Assembly Professor Peter Katjavivi has revealed Namibia fully supports efforts to transform the SADC Parliamentary Forum (SADC-PF) into a SADC Regional Parliament. Katjavivi revealed Namibia’s stance on...
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