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From Telephones to Smartphones – A look at the Harmonized System: Case study of the Samsung Case

From Telephones to Smartphones – A look at the Harmonized System: Case study of the Samsung Case

01 Jun 2021  Working Papers Publications
The seventh edition of the ‘Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System’ of the World Customs Organisation (WCO) becomes operational on 1 January 2022. Since its incepti...
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Services Trade Restrictiveness and Services Trade: Making Sense of Inter-Decade Movements

Services Trade Restrictiveness and Services Trade: Making Sense of Inter-Decade Movements

28 May 2021  Working Papers Publications
This paper investigates movements in services trade restrictions and their impacts on services trade over an eight-year period (2008-2016). It utilises the latest, most globally in...
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An Investment Protocol for the AfCFTA

An Investment Protocol for the AfCFTA

19 Apr 2021  Working Papers Publications
The negotiations for the adoption of the Phase II Protocols of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) have started. They will cover investment, intellectual property righ...
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Trade remedies can offer export opportunities to unrelated parties: the case of the US-EU large aircraft dispute and opportunities for South Africa’s wine exports to the US

Trade remedies can offer export opportunities to unrelated parties: the case of the US-EU large aircraft dispute and opportunities for South Africa’s wine exports to the US

19 Apr 2021  Working Papers Publications
Trade remedies and safeguards are key exceptions to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) principles of non-discrimination and transparency through binding commitments on tariffs and ...
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Import Restrictions: Namibian Court clarifies Rights of Private Parties

Import Restrictions: Namibian Court clarifies Rights of Private Parties

28 Mar 2021  Working Papers Publications
State Parties’ trade-related rights and obligations are derived from international agreements. Governments’ implementation of trade agreements involves domestic measures taken ...
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A brief assessment of the South African Draft One-Stop Border Post Policy

A brief assessment of the South African Draft One-Stop Border Post Policy

28 Mar 2021  Working Papers Publications
On the last day of December 2020, the South African Department of Home Affairs published two draft policies for public comment. The one is a Draft One-stop Border Post Policy, the ...
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The new Rules of Origin in the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA): what has been agreed, what remains outstanding

The new Rules of Origin in the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA): what has been agreed, what remains outstanding

24 Mar 2021  Working Papers Publications
The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) is an ambitious undertaking that brings together 1.3 billion people in 55 African countries to create the world’s largest free tr...
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Are African RECs Trade-Enhancing? A Panel Data Analysis

Are African RECs Trade-Enhancing? A Panel Data Analysis

19 Feb 2021  Working Papers Publications
This paper employs both informal and formal analysis of panel trade and tariff data to determine the extent to which the gaining of preferential access to a market actually leads t...
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The Regime governing Trade under the AfCFTA from 1 January 2021

The Regime governing Trade under the AfCFTA from 1 January 2021

29 Jan 2021  Working Papers Publications
The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) establishes a Free Trade Area (FTA) for trade in goods (and some services) among the 55 Member States of the African Union (AU). Th...
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The AfCFTA – implications for Africa’s investment landscape

The AfCFTA – implications for Africa’s investment landscape

29 Jan 2021  Working Papers Publications
Foreign investment is essential for the economic development of African countries. Public investments and domestic investments are not enough to achieve social and economic develop...
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Customs enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights at the external borders of the EU, with specific reference to developments in respect of Community Plant Variety Rights: Lessons for Africa’s agricultural producers

Customs enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights at the external borders of the EU, with specific reference to developments in respect of Community Plant Variety Rights: Lessons for Africa’s agricultural producers

29 Jan 2021  Working Papers Publications
An effective Intellectual Property Right (IPR) system makes an important contribution to trade because it provides confidence to right holders that their rights will be respected a...
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The African Continental Free Trade Area according to its Legal Instruments

The African Continental Free Trade Area according to its Legal Instruments

21 Dec 2020  Working Papers Publications
The conclusion of a trade agreement does not guarantee new trade flows. For that to happen, the reasons why trade between certain countries is at low levels must be addressed. Effe...
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Addressing Road Transport Regulatory Issues: An Important Step Towards Realising the Objectives of the AfCFTA

Addressing Road Transport Regulatory Issues: An Important Step Towards Realising the Objectives of the AfCFTA

21 Dec 2020  Working Papers Publications
Road transport plays a critical role in facilitating trade and enhancing regional integration in Africa, and it is an indispensable input to international economic cooperation and ...
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Review of intra-Africa trade liberalisation and the composition of intra-African trade: Implications for the AfCFTA

Review of intra-Africa trade liberalisation and the composition of intra-African trade: Implications for the AfCFTA

21 Dec 2020  Working Papers Publications
An objective of the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) is to create a liberalised market for goods and services. To achieve this, the AfCFTA provides for progressive...
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Trade and development finance in Africa in the shadow of COVID-19

Trade and development finance in Africa in the shadow of COVID-19

21 Dec 2020  Working Papers Publications
Even under the immense challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic on the African continent, great opportunities exist for the expansion of trade through trade and development financ...
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The South African Border Management Authority – better border management or just another agency?

The South African Border Management Authority – better border management or just another agency?

21 Dec 2020  Working Papers Publications
Borders and border control matter. A starker reminder of this simple truth could hardly be found than the Covid-19 pandemic. It caused worldwide ‘lockdowns’ and border closures...
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2020: Review of ITAC Investigations and COVID-19 Related Measures

2020: Review of ITAC Investigations and COVID-19 Related Measures

21 Dec 2020  Working Papers Publications
The International Trade Administration Commission (ITAC) was established through an Act of Parliament, the International Trade Administration Act, 2002 (Act No. 71 of 2002), which ...
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Will the AfCFTA tackle Non-Tariff Barriers as a Governance Issue?

Will the AfCFTA tackle Non-Tariff Barriers as a Governance Issue?

11 Dec 2020  Working Papers Publications
When one speaks to the private sector operators (freight forwarders in particular) involved in the business of clearing goods for export to African states, their biggest complaints...
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Legal principles pertaining to the powers exercised by South Africa’s energy regulator (Nersa) – what we can learn from recent court cases?

Legal principles pertaining to the powers exercised by South Africa’s energy regulator (Nersa) – what we can learn from recent court cases?

15 Oct 2020  Working Papers Publications
Services are vital for economic growth. The services sector is the most rapidly growing segment of the world economy. It adds significant value to manufacturing and agricultural pr...
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What are the Implications for UK – African Trade if the Brexit talks fail?

What are the Implications for UK – African Trade if the Brexit talks fail?

13 Oct 2020  Working Papers Publications
On 29 March 2017, the UK Government notified the European Council that it wanted to withdraw from the European Union (EU). This happened after a referendum on 23 June 2016 in which...
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