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May AfCFTA State Parties conclude new Trade Agreements?

28 Jul 2020 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
In order to answer the question posed above one has to study the legal instruments adopted for the purpose of establishing the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). An important fe...read more

The AfCFTA’s Institutions are vital for effective Implementation

28 Jul 2020 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
When all the outstanding negotiations are complete, implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) obligations will be the responsibility of individual State Parti...read more

The AfCFTA Agreement is in force – why can it not be implemented?

28 Jul 2020 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The AfCFTA Agreement formally entered into force on 30 May 2019, thirty days after twenty-two instruments ratifications had been deposited.[1] However, implementation is still not possible...read more

The AfCFTA creates an additional African Free Trade Area

28 Jul 2020 ~ Gerhard Erasmus, Trudi Hartzenberg
As a legal construct, the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) presently consists of a founding Agreement and three Protocols. The first Protocol establishes a new Free Trade Area ...read more

What Disputes could be heard by the AfCFTA Dispute Settlement Mechanism?

28 Jul 2020 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
Will the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) be a rules-based dispensation? What is required in order to become one? The Preamble to the Agreement establishing the AfCFTA promises...read more

Does the AfCFTA have a formula to tackle Africa’s Non-Tariff Barriers?

28 Jul 2020 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
Whereas tariffs are the taxes or duties imposed on imported goods, non-tariff barriers (NTBs) refer to restrictions resulting from prohibitions, conditions, or requirements that make the i...read more

The costs of driving smoking underground

24 Jul 2020 ~ David Christianson
It is not surprising that the total ban on cigarette sales in South Africa, under COVID-19 lockdown regulations, has generated a thriving black market. This impact of banning sale of goods...read more

Do African RECs Increase Intra-African Trade? Some Evidence from Uganda

24 Jul 2020 ~ John Stuart
Regional economic communities (RECs) come in various shapes and sizes. From the highly integrated European Union (EU) to the long-lived Southern African Customs Union (SACU), to the pre-FT...read more

The Looming Brexit Cliff – What it means for South Africa and for SACU

21 Jul 2020 ~ Dirk de Vos, Trudi Hartzenberg
On 30 June 2020, the United Kingdom (UK) and the European Union (EU) passed a final threshold. Although the UK formally left the EU on 31 January in terms of the Withdrawal Agreement betwe...read more

Strict lockdown regulations – medical and electronic equipment flown in and cross-border road traffic reduced by two-thirds

14 Jul 2020 ~ Willemien Viljoen
South Africa’s main trading partners are China (imports of electronic components, machinery and parts and motor vehicle components; exports of ores and concentrates), Germany (imports of...read more

South Africa’s trade data update – the May 2020 data reveals the effect of eased lockdown restrictions

14 Jul 2020 ~ Willemien Viljoen
Since the beginning of May 2020 South Africa gradually started to ease lockdown restrictions with a consequent increase in trade reflected in South Africa’s trade data for May which was ...read more

Climate Change in times of COVID-19

13 Jul 2020 ~ Gavin van der Nest
In the light of the COVID-19 pandemic, it may appear that climate change related issues have been temporarily confined on the backburner. The COP26 climate summit scheduled to take place i...read more

Why is it so difficult to start trading under AfCFTA Rules?

06 Jul 2020 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The simple answer to this question is that the task at hand is a daunting one. It should not be underestimated. The modus operandi employed for completing the African Continental Free Trad...read more

Challenges for the youth entrepreneurs in agriculture

03 Jul 2020 ~ Motlatsi Tolo
We need action now for a better future not only for us but for generations to come. That is what sustainable development requires. It is time for future leaders to be mindful of the land, ...read more

Youth in trade and trade governance in Africa

03 Jul 2020 ~ Talkmore Chidede, Obert Bore
Trade supported by improvements in trade governance can contribute to reducing inequalities by distributing benefits more equally across all segments of the society. Meaningful participati...read more

The Wild West is Dead; Long Live Data Protection

02 Jul 2020 ~ Paul Esselaar
Some years ago, a major retailer in the United Kingdom was asked what happened when they introduced the Data Protection Directive of 1995 (an immense shift – almost like a sea change –...read more

COVID-19 to curtail FDI flows to Africa in 2020: How to mitigate the effects in the long-term?

02 Jul 2020 ~ Talkmore Chidede
The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic will negatively impact foreign direct investment (FDI) flows to Africa and the rest of the world. The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development...read more

Youth and post-COVID-19 recovery strategies in Africa and beyond

01 Jul 2020 ~ Trudi Hartzenberg, Talkmore Chidede
It is clear that the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic will have severe global health, social, and economic impact on people and economies. To date, the science and statistics indicate that ...read more

Digital Solutions for Trade Facilitation

01 Jul 2020 ~ Wilfried Deudjui Mbouwé
Introduction Since 1947, states of the world have been working to liberalize international trade by reducing tariffs, under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and since 1995 unde...read more

Youth Entrepreneurship in Africa: A beacon of hope for the continent

01 Jul 2020 ~ Maria Immanuel
Leaders are those who connect the dots. Equally, youth entrepreneurship in Africa will be driven by the young minds who have the ability to connect the dots. With so many challenges stemmi...read more

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