Building capacity to help Africa trade better


tralac Annual Conference participants visit Masaka Dry Port in Kigali, Rwanda – lessons for implementation of the AfCFTA

12 Jul 2023 ~ Elizabeth Mulae
DOWNLOAD BLOG As African countries prepare to implement and operationalise the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), the effective implementation of the AfCFTA is now a key concer...read more

African CT&L Value Chain Performance, Potential and Gender

12 Jul 2023 ~ John Stuart
DOWNLOAD BLOG This Blog is intended to give an idea of the potential of integrated and cross-dimensional value chain, trade performance and gender analysis using tralac’s current databa...read more

Africa’s debt crisis: no Gleneagles moment ahead

29 Jun 2023 ~ David Christianson
DOWNLOAD BLOG Many African countries are currently experiencing a credit crunch. The crisis is sufficiently deep and widespread for the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to subtitle its A...read more

The Gender Dimension of Tariff Preferences Utilisation

28 Jun 2023 ~ Gita Briel
DOWNLOAD BLOG Tariff preference utilisation rates indicate the extent to which businesses or entities take advantage of tariff preferences granted under trade agreements or preferential t...read more

The East African Court of Justice delivers a landmark judgement on Kenya’s bilateral negotiation with the United States without involving EAC Partner States

26 Apr 2023 ~ Maleehah Khandwalla
The United States (U.S.) and Kenya commenced bilateral trade through the enactment of the African Opportunity and Growth Act (AGOA), signed in the year 2000. Kenya is the second-largest b...read more

Can the private sector save South Africa’s Transnet?

05 Apr 2023 ~ David Christianson
South African president, Cyril Ramaphosa, met with board members of state logistics company, Transnet, in late March. According to a press release from his office, the president ‘has dir...read more

Water Cooperation Essential as Africa’s Water Crisis Intensifies

05 Apr 2023 ~ Gita Briel
There is a growing global water crisis, driven by climate change, population growth, increased water-intensive production, and the neglect of water infrastructure. The latest edition of th...read more

A Closer look at Trade in Environmental Services as SADC Prepares for Negotiations

05 Apr 2023 ~ Gita Briel
The global drive towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions, the increased availability of green finance, and the associated ambitions of firms and governments to improve their environmenta...read more

Is the national electricity state of disaster the answer for South Africa?

29 Mar 2023 ~ Dawid van Wyk
Introduction On 1 March 2023, South Africa’s state-owned power utility Eskom reached the 100-year mark. Instead of celebrations, the day passed under the dark cloud of measures publishe...read more

Can reducing Non-Tariff Trade Costs in Africa be the gamechanger for the African Continental Free Trade Area

28 Mar 2023 ~ Taku Fundira
The AfCFTA – an opportunity to boost intra-Africa trade The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) which is set to be the largest free trade area (FTA) in the world with 54 of the...read more

African States should keep track of the European Union’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism as implementation advances

08 Mar 2023 ~ Gita Briel
On December 13, 2022, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament reached a provisional agreement on the implementation of an EU Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (...read more

The Windsor Framework: The Brexit deal clarified for Northern Ireland

08 Mar 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The United Kingdom (UK) was a member of the European Union (EU) from 1973. In a referendum held on 23 June 2016, the people of the UK voted to leave the EU. One of the reasons was their un...read more

Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) in trade and integration arrangements

08 Mar 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The Government of the United States has recently concluded a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the AfCFTA Secretariat. It has also concluded one with Zambia and the Democratic Republi...read more

Botswana and Namibia concluded an agreement on the movement of persons

08 Mar 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus, Trudi Hartzenberg
On 24 February 2023, Botswana and Namibia concluded a bilateral agreement on the movement of persons.[1] This is an important regional development. What is the context and what are the imp...read more

How will historians and economists one day look back at the AfCFTA?

08 Mar 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
Right from its inception there have been high expectations, here and abroad, about how the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) would unlock Africa’s potential to increase intra-...read more

Is the Future of Africa’s Trade Corridors Green?

08 Mar 2023 ~ Gita Briel
Trade corridors are transportation routes that connect major centres of economic activity, such as cities, ports, and industrial areas, to facilitate the movement of goods and services. Th...read more

Remittance costs – challenges for intra-Africa transfers

08 Mar 2023 ~ David Christianson
Remittances, from wealthier countries to low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), account for far larger financial flows than either Official Development Assistance (ODA) or Foreign Direc...read more

With the SACU tariff offer in the bag, what happens next to AfCFTA trade?

08 Mar 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus, Trudi Hartzenberg
It has been reported that the five member states of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) have recently submitted their joint AfCFTA offer of tariff concessions, and that it meets the ...read more

Customs and border management – Balancing trade with facilitation and public policy objectives

27 Feb 2023 ~ Edna Oduwo
In recent years, the role of customs officers has transitioned from primarily collecting duties and taxes to a broader role that involves facilitating the flow of goods and services across...read more

The scope of the AfCFTA is expanding. What are the implications?

03 Feb 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) has a specific design. The relevant information appears, in the first instance, in the AfCFTA founding Agreement. One should start with the...read more

Is the World Trade Organisation coping?

01 Feb 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The World Trade Organisation (WTO) has been in trouble for some time. Disagreement about how its dispute settlement system (once called the jewel in the WTO crown) should function is an ex...read more

WEF 2023. Polycrisis? What Polycrisis?

01 Feb 2023 ~ David Christianson
There are always challenges interpreting the World Economic Forum’s (WEF) winter meeting at Davos in Switzerland. The presence of 2 700 invited speakers in the Swiss ski-resort of Davos ...read more

When Russia, the US and the European Union are in town during the same week

01 Feb 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, the US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, and the European Union High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell, visite...read more

Women in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Services Trade: An Overview of Participation and Business Ownership

31 Jan 2023 ~ Gavin van der Nest
Services trade in Sub-Saharan Africa plays a significant role in the region’s economy, yet the participation of women in this sector is limited. Despite comprising 50.2% of the total pop...read more

The AfCFTA and continental Integration: What role for Women?

25 Jan 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
African economic integration has been on the agenda for decades and has seen several designs. Under the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) there is a new approach. This Blog prov...read more

AfCFTA Institutional Arrangements will impact on the interests of Women

25 Jan 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The policies, decisions, and measures adopted within the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) institutions and in the State Parties, will impact directly on the position of women t...read more

What protection for Women under the AfCFTA Dispute Settlement Protocol?

25 Jan 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The rights of women traders should be recognised and be protected to secure and improve their position under the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The proposed AfCFTA Protocol ...read more

What is the implementation of the AfCFTA about and how will Women be affected?

25 Jan 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Agreement establishes a rather standard continent-wide preferential trade regime for goods and services. It does not yet contain specific r...read more

Adjusting and expanding the AfCFTA to support Women

25 Jan 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus, Trudi Hartzenberg
The decision to adopt a Protocol on Women and the Youth as part of the collection of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) legal instruments is an important development. It also...read more

The AfCFTA Principles and the promotion of the Interests of Women

23 Jan 2023 ~ Gerhard Erasmus
The AfCFTA legal instruments have been negotiated in terms of founding Principles meant to steer the design and operations of the AfCFTA African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) in a p...read more


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